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Displacement Ventilation in a Classroom: Influence of Contaminant Position and Physical Activity
University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0337-8004
1998 (English)In: Proc. 19th AIVC Conference, Oslo, Norway., 1998Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study describes how the air quality in a displacement ventilated classroom can be influenced by the position of a contaminating person, and by the activity of a person who walks around in the room. Tracer gas measurements have been performed in a full scale mock-up of a classroom, with person simulators at the student’s desks.

The spreading of contaminants from a person seems to be strongly dependent on the position of the person. The closer the contaminating person sits to the outlet terminal(s), the less of his/hers contaminants are spread in the room. Paradoxically, people sitting furthest away from the air supply were found to be provided with the least contaminated air. Physical activity, produced by a walking person, tends to increase the concentration of contaminants emitted from people in the room, whereas the air exchange efficiency actually can benefit from it. At all levels of activity tested in this study the displacement ventilation system provided significantly better air quality than a mixing system would. The temperature gradient in the occupied zone was rather high during these steady-state experiments, and it was only marginally affected by the movements of a person.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998.
Keyword [en]
Displacement Ventilation, Classrooms, Contaminant Position, Physical Activity
National Category
Building Technologies Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-1917OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-1917DiVA, id: diva2:118579
Conference
19th AIVC Conference, Oslo, Norway, 28th-30th September 1998
Available from: 2008-06-09 Created: 2008-06-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Mattsson, Magnus

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Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • sv-SE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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