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Individual differences in susceptibility to the effects of speech on reading comprehension
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4298-7459
2010 (English)In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0888-4080, E-ISSN 1099-0720, Vol. 24, no 1, 67-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Individuals with high working memory capacity (WMC) are less distracted by task-irrelevant speech than others. The mechanism behind this relationship, however, is not well understood, and it has only been found in a few paradigms. We used a Number updating task to measure WMC and two suppression mechanisms (immediate and delayed), and tested how they were associated with individual differences in susceptibility to the effects of speech on reading comprehension. The results revealed a negative relationship between WMC and susceptibility to speech distraction. Of the two suppression mechanisms, only immediate suppression was associated with speech distraction, suggesting that susceptibility to distraction is determined by the ability to immediately suppress the irrelevant speech. Furthermore, the relationship between WMC and speech distraction was mediated by the immediate suppression mechanism. The implications of these results and possible explanations of similar results found in other paradigms are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 1, 67-76 p.
Keyword [en]
working memory capacity, WMC, speech, reading comprehension
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2257DOI: 10.1002/acp.1543ISI: 000273368300005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77950135979OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2257DiVA: diva2:118919
Available from: 2008-11-09 Created: 2008-11-09 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010. 54 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis/Luleå university of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6788 (URN)978-91-7439-098-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-04, Luleå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-27 Created: 2010-05-19 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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Sörqvist, PatrikHalin, NiklasHygge, Staffan
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Citation style
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