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First evidence for differential and sequential efferent effects of stimulus relevance and goal conduciveness appraisal
University of Geneva, Switzerland; University of Chicago, IL, USA.
University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för psykologi. University of Geneva, Switzerland; Karlstad University, Sweden.
University of Geneva, Switzerland.
2007 (English)In: Biological Psychology, ISSN 0301-0511, E-ISSN 1873-6246, Vol. 74, no 3, p. 347-357Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

n the context of a memory task, participants were presented with pictures displaying biological and cultural threat stimuli or neutral stimuli (stimulus relevance manipulation) with superimposed symbols signaling monetary gains or losses (goal conduciveness manipulation). Results for heart rate and facial electromyogram show differential efferent effects of the respective appraisal outcomes and provide first evidence for sequential processing, as postulated by Scherer's component process model of emotion. Specifically, as predicted, muscle activity over the brow and cheek regions marking the process of relevance appraisal occurred significantly earlier than facial muscle activity markers of goal conduciveNess appraisal. Heart rate, in contrast, was influenced by the stimulus relevance manipulation only.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 74, no 3, p. 347-357
Keywords [en]
emotion; biological threat; cultural threat; stimulus relevance; goal conduciveness; component process model; appraisal sequence; facial EMG; heart rate
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2523DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.09.001ISI: 000244553200005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2523DiVA, id: diva2:119185
Available from: 2007-08-08 Created: 2007-08-08 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Flykt, Anders

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