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Shift related dietary intake in day and shift workers
Department of Nutrition, University of Uppsala, Karolinska Institute.
Department of Biosciences, Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Karolinska Institute, Department of Nutrition, University of Uppsala.
National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Karolinska Institutet, Avdelningen för stressforskning, Karolinska institutet, National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Department of Stress Research, Karolinska Institute.
1995 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 253-265Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To study the impact of work hours on eating habits the dietary intake of 96 male industrial workers on day work and two- and three-shift work was investigated using repeated 24 h recall. The intake of energy, 14 nutrients, and coffee and tea was computed, using a nutrient data base, for 8 h work and shifts (day, morning, afternoon, night) and for the 24-h periods including these work shifts. No changes in intake of energy, nutrients and coffee/tea were observed between 8 h morning and afternoon shifts, but there was a reduction in intake during 8 h night shifts. Night shift work caused a redistribution of food and coffee intake, but not an overall 24 h reduction. On the whole, the energy-intake and the quality of food intake (percentages of energy from macronutrients and density of micronutrients) were not affected by shift work, although the intake of carbohydrates was lower in day- and three-shift workers during days off. The intake of alcohol was higher during days off in all groups. In summary, two- and three-shift work in this study affected the circadian distribution of food intakes and coffee consumption, but not the overall 24-h consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 25, no 3, p. 253-265
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26362DOI: 10.1006/appe.1995.0060Local ID: 7294957a-bb08-4ea5-8fa3-06dcf2be8e2eOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26362DiVA, id: diva2:1192471
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Lennernäs, Maria

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