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The impact of whole-hand vibration exposure on the sense of angular position about the wrist joint
University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
2006 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 79, no 2, p. 153-160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research is to determine the impact of whole-hand vibration on the capacity of subjects to identify previously presented positions of the hand in both wrist flexion and extension. METHODS: In each movement direction, targets of 15 or 30 degrees were presented with an imposed passive movement from the start position. During the second imposed movement, subjects were required to identify when the target position had been reached. For the vibration condition, 15 s of whole-hand vibration exposure was repeated immediately prior to each target position trial. Proprioceptive capacity was assessed by comparing the identified angular position with the reference position-angular distance expressed in terms of absolute error (AE), constant error (CE), and variable error (VE). RESULTS: For three of the four target positions (15 and 30 degrees flexion and 15 degrees extension), the absolute, constant, and VEs of target identification were insensitive to vibration, whereas for the 30 degrees extension target, both the absolute and CE were significantly different before and after the vibration application, showing the subjects overshooting previously presented target position. All three error measures were larger for the long targets than the short targets. CONCLUSIONS: Short-duration exposure to whole-hand vibration is insufficient to compromise post-vibration position sense in the wrist joint, except near the end range of joint movement in wrist extension. Complement contribution of different proprioceptive receptors (muscle, joint, and skin receptors) seems to be crucial for accuracy to reproduce passive movements, since the capacity of any individual class of receptor to deliver information about movement and position of the limbs is limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 79, no 2, p. 153-160
Keywords [en]
Adult, Hand, Humans, Perception, Range of Motion, Articular, Sweden, Vibration, Wrist Joint physiology
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2759DOI: 10.1007/s00420-005-0039-6ISI: 000234344300008PubMedID: 16205942Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-29444450673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2759DiVA, id: diva2:119421
Available from: 2007-11-28 Created: 2007-11-28 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Håkan

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