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Effects of sympathetic stimulation on the rhythmical jaw movements produced by electrical stimulation of the cortical masticatory areas of rabbits.
University of Gävle, Belastningsskadecentrum.
University of Gävle, Belastningsskadecentrum.
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2005 (English)In: Experimental Brain Research, ISSN 0014-4819, E-ISSN 1432-1106, Vol. 162, no 1, 14-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The somatomotor and sympathetic nervous systems are intimately linked. One example is the influence of peripheral sympathetic fibers on the discharge characteristics of muscle spindles. Since muscle spindles play important roles in various motor behaviors, including rhythmic movements, the working hypothesis of this research was that changes in sympathetic outflow to muscle spindles can change rhythmic movement patterns. We tested this hypothesis in the masticatory system of rabbits. Rhythmic jaw movements and EMG activity induced by long-lasting electrical cortical stimulation were powerfully modulated by electrical stimulation of the peripheral stump of the cervical sympathetic nerve (CSN). This modulation manifested itself as a consistent and marked reduction in the excursion of the mandibular movements (often preceded by a transient modest enhancement), which could be attributed mainly to corresponding changes in masseter muscle activity. These changes outlasted the duration of CSN stimulation. In some of the cortically evoked rhythmic jaw movements (CRJMs) changes in masticatory frequency were also observed. When the jaw-closing muscles were subjected to repetitive ramp-and-hold force pulses, the CRMJs changed characteristics. Masseter EMG activity was strongly enhanced and digastric EMG slightly decreased. This change was considerably depressed during CSN stimulation. These effects of CSN stimulation are similar in sign and time course to the depression exerted by sympathetic activity on the jaw-closing muscle spindle discharge. It is suggested that the change in proprioceptive information induced by an increase in sympathetic outflow (a) has important implications even under normal conditions for the control of motor function in states of high sympathetic activity, and (b) is one of the mechanisms responsible for motor impairment under certain pathological conditions such as chronic musculoskeletal head-neck disorders, associated with stress conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 162, no 1, 14-22 p.
Keyword [en]
Action Potentials physiology, Animals, Electric Stimulation, Electromyography, Masseter Muscle innervation physiology, Mastication physiology, Motor Cortex physiology, Muscle Contraction physiology, Muscle Spindles physiology, Neural Inhibition physiology, Pain etiology physiopathology, Pyramidal Tracts physiology, Rabbits, Stress, Psychological complications physiopathology, Sympathetic Fibers, Postganglionic physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2766DOI: 10.1007/s00221-004-2102-zISI: 000227740400002PubMedID: 15551082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2766DiVA: diva2:119428
Available from: 2008-05-19 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2010-08-23Bibliographically approved

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