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Time of day and type of food­relation to mood and hunger during 24 h of constant conditions
Institute for Psychosocial Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Medical Sciences, Nutrition, Uppsala University .
Institute for Psychosocial Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Medical Sciences, Nutrition, Uppsala University .
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2001 (English)In: Journal of Human Ergology, ISSN 0300-8134, Vol. 30, no 1-2, p. 381-386Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A six-day high-carbohydrate meal (HC; 65 E% (energy percent) carbohydrates, 20 E% fat and 15 E% protein) and asix-day high-fat meal (HF; 40 E% carbohydrates, 45 E% fat and 15 E% protein) were given to seven healthy subjects in a crossover design. On the last day. subjects were kept awake for 24 hours in a metabolic laboratory while substrate utilisation and energy expenditure were measured by indirect calorimetry. The subjects were given isocaloric meals every four hours. Results showed that hunger decreased at night (F=4.2, p<0.05) and linearly increased after meal intake. Macronutrient composition (fat/carbohydrates) seemed to be of less importance for hunger. Hunger and thirst were found to be strongly associated with gastrointestinal substances, for hunger the strongest being a negative correlation with triacylglycerol (partial correlation=-0.39). It is suggested that it might not be necessary for shift workers to eat full portions at night but that satiation will occur with less food. Possibly lack of adjustment of nocturnal food intake might be one reason why overweight is common in shift work populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 30, no 1-2, p. 381-386
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Other Medical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26332DOI: 10.11183/jhe1972.30.381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26332DiVA, id: diva2:1195487
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved

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Lennernäs, Maria

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