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Normal-hearing and hearing-impaired subjects' ability to just follow conversation in competing speech, reversed speech, and noise backgrounds
University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4298-7459
1992 (English)In: Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, ISSN 0022-4685, Vol. 35, no 1, 208-15 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The performance on a conversation-following task by 24 hearing-impaired persons was compared with that of 24 matched controls with normal hearing in the presence of three background noises: (a) speech-spectrum random noise, (b) a male voice, and (c) the male voice played in reverse. The subjects' task was to readjust the sound level of a female voice (signal), every time the signal voice was attenuated, to the subjective level at which it was just possible to understand what was being said. To assess the benefit of lipreading, half of the material was presented audiovisually and half auditorily only. It was predicted that background speech would have a greater masking effect than reversed speech, which would in turn have a lesser masking effect than random noise. It was predicted that hearing-impaired subjects would perform more poorly than the normal-hearing controls in a background of speech. The influence of lipreading was expected to be constant across groups and conditions. The results showed that the hearing-impaired subjects were equally affected by the three background noises and that normal-hearing persons were less affected by the background speech than by noise. The performance of the normal-hearing persons was superior to that of the hearing-impaired subjects. The prediction about lipreading was confirmed. The results were explained in terms of the reduced temporal resolution by the hearing-impaired subjects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 35, no 1, 208-15 p.
Keyword [en]
Audiometry, Audiovisual Aids, Female, Hearing/*physiology, Hearing Disorders/*psychology, Humans, Lipreading, Memory; Short-Term, Noise, Speech Perception, Speech Reception Threshold Test
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2887ISI: A1992HC60500024PubMedID: 1370969OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2887DiVA: diva2:119549
Available from: 2008-06-16 Created: 2008-06-16 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf