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Health related quality of life and psychosocial function among patients with carcinoid tumours: a longitudinal, prospective, and comparative study
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psyc hosocial oncology, Uppsala Un iversity, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala Un iversity, Uppsala, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap. Department of Public Health and Caring Sc iences, Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psyc hosocial oncology, Uppsala Un iversity, Uppsala, Sweden.
2007 (English)In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 5, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The aim was to investigate HRQoL and psychosocial function among patients with carcinoid tumours, longitudinally and prospectively, and to compare HRQoL among patients with carcinoid tumours to that of the Swedish general population. The aim was also to investigate the prevalence of distress during the first year after diagnosis. Methods: At four assessments during the first year after diagnosis, HRQoL was measured by the EORTC QLQ-C30 3.0, anxiety and depression by the HADS, and prevalence, and worst aspects of distress by an interview guide. ANOVA was performed in order to study changes over time with regard to HRQoL, anxiety and depression. Comparisons regarding HRQoL between patients and the Swedish population were made by the use of one-sample t-tests and changes over time regarding the prevalence of distress was investigated by means of Cochran's Q. Results: High levelsof physical-, emotional-, cognitive-, and social function and somewhat lower levels of role function and global quality of life were reported at all assessments. Role- and emotional function increased over time. Patients reported lower role function and global quality of life and more problems with fatigue and diarrhoea than the Swedish general population, at all assessments. Fatigue, limitations to work and pursue daily activities, and worry that the illness will get worse were among the most prevalent aspects at all assessments. At all assessments the majority reported worrying about the family's situation, the ability to care for the family, and worrying before the check-up. Conclusion: It is concluded that HRQoL and psychosocial function among patients with carcinoid tumours remains stable during the first year, that the patients report a lower HRQoL than the Swedish general population, and that a majority of the patients report a number of aspects of emotional distress. In the clinical care, it should be considered that the majority of patients report not only fatigue and diarrhoea but also worries about their prognosis, their families, tests, and examinations. Efforts to reduce these worries should be made.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 5, article id 18
National Category
Nursing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2928DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-5-18ISI: 000245722000001PubMedID: 17428340Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34247203156OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2928DiVA, id: diva2:119590
Available from: 2008-06-12 Created: 2008-06-12 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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