hig.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hur personer med schizofreni upplever att leva med sin sjukdom
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Schizofreni klassas som en psykossjukdom som bidrar med en reformerad verklighetsuppfattning och som även ger nedsatta förmågor kognitivt och socialt. Schizofreni tillhör västvärldens tio mest funktionsnedsättande sjukdomar. Tidigare forskning har visat att anhöriga har brist på kunskap kring sjukdomen och detta leder bland annat till oförståelse samt att de har svårt att veta hur mycket de ska involvera sig i personernas liv. Tidigare forskning har även visat att behandling som gått ut på att personer med schizofreni fått dela med sig av sina upplevelser har lett till positiva aspekter både för dem själva samt anhöriga och omvårdnadspersonal.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva personers upplevelser av att leva med schizofreni.

Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats bestående av 14 vetenskapliga artiklar.

Huvudresultat: Personer med schizofreni upplevde delade känslor kring relationer och sysselsättning. Positiva känslor var att de upplevde dessa som normaliserande och fördelaktigt när det kom till självkänsla, en känsla av att tillhöra samhället samt socialt fördelaktigt. Negativa känslor som upplevdes var diskriminering, nedvärdering, psykisk misshandel men även att läkemedel, sömn och symtom påverkade deras prestationsförmåga och dygnsrytm. Upplevelser av coping var att de ofta vände sig till religion, olika självhjälpande aktiviteter samt gemenskap med andra människor. En del personer med schizofreni förnekade dock sitt tillstånd då de inte upplevde att de var sjuka. Många negativa känsloupplevelser förekom och dessa ledde många gånger till suicidala tankar och handlingar då det ansågs leda till frihet.

Slutsats: Personer med schizofreni upplever svårigheter genom livet och genom att få prata om sina upplevelser så kan det bidra med en ökad förståelse kring sjukdomen för både personerna med schizofreni men även för anhöriga och omvårdnadspersonal. Denna kunskap skulle med fördel kunna användas till att anpassa olika rehabiliteringsåtgärder.

Abstract [en]

Background: Schizophrenia is classified as a mental illness that contributes to a reformed perception of reality and which also provides impaired cognitive and social abilities. Schizophrenia belongs to the West's ten most disabling diseases. Previous research has shown that relatives have lack of knowledge about the disease and this lead, among other things, to insufficiency, and that they have difficulty knowing how much they should be involved in the lives of the individuals. Previous research has also shown that treatment based on the fact that people with schizophrenia have shared their experiences have led to positive aspects for both themselves, relatives and nursing staff.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe peoples experiences of living with schizophrenia.

Method: A qualitative descriptive literature review containing 14 scientific articles.

Main results: People with schizophrenia experienced shared feelings about relationships and employment. Positive feelings were that they experienced these as normalizing and beneficial when it came to self-esteem, a sense of belonging to society as well as socially beneficial. Negative feelings that were experienced were discrimination, impairment, mental abuse, but also that drugs, sleep and symptoms affected their ability to perform and day rhythm. Experiences of coping were that they often turned to religion, various self-supporting activities, and community with other people. However, some people with schizophrenia denied their condition because they did not feel sick. Many negative emotional moods occurred, and these led many times to suicidal thoughts and actions when it was thought to lead to freedom.

Conclusion: People with schizophrenia experience difficulties through life and by talking about their experiences, it can contribute to an increased understanding of the disease for both the persons with schizophrenia, but also for relatives and nursing staff. This knowledge could be used to adapt different rehabilitation measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Schizophrenia, experience, person
Keywords [sv]
Schizofreni, upplevelse, person
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26433DiVA, id: diva2:1197933
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(743 kB)83 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 743 kBChecksum SHA-512
2c1847946a2380847d2e5b7fd857c1e4e4af3cb68ce8a60d06a1933b36aee0b368eb2be756ac3e894a6359bb5e307ca2a05a139d2e53fd96504823537c33f1ae
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Health and Caring Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 83 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 237 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf