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Sjuksköterskans roll i omvårdnaden av patienter med anorexia nervosa - en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskans roll i omvårdnaden av patienter med anorexia nervosa. Sökning av vetenskapliga artiklar gjordes i databaserna EBSCO host, PubMed, psycINFO, Blackwell Synergy, Wiley InterScience Journals och Academic Search Elite. Studiens huvudresultat utgjordes av tre huvudkategorier; kommunikation, bemötande och omvårdnadsåtgärder. Kommunikation visade sig vara viktig utifrån flera olika aspekter. Det var i första hand viktigt att få en fungerande kommunikation med patienten, men de anhöriga fick inte heller glömmas bort utan spelade en stor roll i omvårdnaden. För att utvecklas i sin roll som sjuksköterska i arbetet med anorexiapatienter var även kommunikationen med kollegor viktig. I bemötande av patienter med anorexia nervosa var det viktigt att se patienten utifrån en helhetssyn, att kunna bemästra svårigheter, att kunna bygga upp ett förtroende mellan sig själv och patienten samt att ha den rätta personligheten. De omvårdnadsåtgärder som togs upp var att kunna ge patienten adekvat utbildning om sjukdomstillståndet och att samtidigt vara ett stöd. Dessa områden har betydelse för att uppnå en fungerande roll som sjusköterska i omvårdnaden av patienter med anorexia nervosa.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this descriptive literature review was to describe the nurses’ role in the nursing of patients suffering from anorexia nervosa. The search for literature was made in the data bases EBSCO host, PubMed, psycINFO, Blackwell Synergy, Wiley InterScience Journals and Academic Search Elite. The main result of the study was presented in three categories; communication, meeting the patient and nursing measures. Communications was important in different ways. First it was important to be able to communicate with the patient, but the next of kin also played an important role in the nursing and should not be forgotten. To continue developing in the role as a nurse, working with patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, communication with co-workers was important. When meeting patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, seeing the patient with a holistic sight was important. It was also important to be able to overcome difficulties, to build a trust and to have the right personality. The nursing measures brought up were to be able to educate the patient about the disease and to be a support. All these areas brought up in the result were needed to achieve a functioning role as a nurse in the nursing of patients suffering from anorexia nervosa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
anorexia nervosa, the role of the nurse, patients, nursing
Keywords [sv]
anorexia nervosa, sjuksköterskans roll, patienter, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-253Archive number: SSKVk05/ht07nr1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-253DiVA, id: diva2:119802
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-01-09 Created: 2008-01-09

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CiteExportLink to record
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