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Livskvalitet hos stomiopererade patienter: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

The aim of this literature review was to describe the quality of life in stoma patients after stomasurgery. Different combinations of the keywords “stoma”, “Quality of Life”, “stomasurgery” were used when searching in the databases Medline, Cinahl, Academic Search Elite and PubMed. A total of nineteen articles were used in the result. Fifteen studies had comparing design and four studies had describing design. Eighteen studies used questionnaires and one study used interviews for data collecting. Five studies did not concern the instruments' validity or reliability, fourteen studies referred to previously performed reliability's/validity tests. The sample sizes varied from 7 to 704 patients. Long-term quality of life in stoma patients shows contradictory results. Four studies showed that a brook uniting reservoir/pouch more or less did not change the quality of life. But that the body perception became better. One study showed that men´s Quality of Life was not effected by having a stoma, while women were effected to a greater extent, which led to a changed lifestyle and self-image among the women. Three studies showed that patients that are fecal incontinent has better social quality of life if they undergo stomasurgery. Four studies showed that patients with colon or rectal cancer and stoma had poorer quality of life than non-stoma cancer patients. Four studies showed that more therapy such as colostomy irrigation and relaxation gives better quality of life.

Keywords; “Quality of Life”, “stoma” and “stomasurgery”

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva människors upplevelse av livskvalitet efter en stomioperation. Olika kombinationer av sökorden ”stoma”, ”quality of life”, ”stomasurgery” användes vid sökning i databaserna Medline, Cinahl, Academic Search Elite och Pub Med. Totalt användes 19 artiklar i resultatet. Resultatet visade att samtliga studier hade som syfte att undersöka livskvaliteten hos stomiopererade patienter. Femton studier hade jämförande design och fyra studier hade beskrivande design. Arton studier använde sig av enkäter och en studie använde sig av intervjuer för datainsamling. Fem studier berörde inte instrumentens validitet eller reliabilitet, fjorton studier refererade till tidigare utförda reliabilitets/validitetstester. Undersökningsgruppernas storlek varierade från 7 till 704 patienter. Resultatet var motstridigt inom långsiktig livskvalitet hos stomiopererade. Fyra studier visade att en bäckenreservoar/pouch i stort sett inte förändrade livskvaliteten, men att kroppsuppfattningen blev bättre. En studie visade att mäns livskvalitet inte påverkades av att ha stomi, medan kvinnor påverkades i större utsträckning, vilket ledde till en förändrad livsstil och självbild hos kvinnorna. Tre studier visade att patienter som är avföringsinkontinenta får bättre social livskvalitet om de genomgår en stomioperation. Fyra studier visade att patienter med tjock eller ändtarmscancer och stomi hade sämre livskvalitet än de med endast cancer. Fyra studier visade att mer terapi i form av tarmsköljning eller avslappning ger bättre livskvalitet.

Nyckelord; ”livskvalitet”, ”stomi” och ”stomioperation”

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
“Quality of Life”, “stoma” and “stomasurgery”
Keywords [sv]
”livskvalitet”, ”stomi” och ”stomioperation”
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-271Archive number: SSKVk05/ht07nr25OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-271DiVA, id: diva2:119820
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-01-17 Created: 2008-01-17

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