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Vuxna personers upplevelser av att leva med obotlig cancer: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Under år 2016 upptäcktes 64 000 maligna tumörer i Sverige. Cancer uppstår när det blir en rubbning i celldelningen och cellerna börjar dela sig okontrollerat. När det inte finns någon chans att en kurativ behandling skulle lyckas går man in i en palliativ behandling. Denna fokuserar på symtomlindring och stöd till både patientenoch närstående. Det är viktigt för sjuksköterskan att vara medveten om hur patienter med obotlig cancer upplever sin situation för att kunna ge en så god omvårdnad som möjligt.

Syfte: Att beskriva vuxna personers upplevelser av att leva med obotlig cancer samt beskriva vilka datainsamlingsmetoder som använts i de valda artiklarna.

Metod: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie som inkluderade tolv vetenskapliga artiklar, varav nio artiklar av kvalitativ ansats och tre av kvantitativ ansats. Sökningarna skedde i PubMed och Cinahl. De valda artiklarna analyserades sedan objektivt.

Huvudresultat: Trötthet var ett av de vanligaste upplevda symtomen hos terminalt sjuka cancerpatienter. Rädsla för framtiden samt rädsla inför döden var vanligt upplevda känslor. Känsla av hopp ansågs viktig, likaså relationen till nära och kära. Kontakten med sjukvården kunde upplevas som frustrerande, dock beskrev många att de var tacksamma över den hjälp de fick.

Slutsats: Att leva med en obotlig cancer påverkar personerna i både den fysiska, psykiska, sociala och existentiella delen av livet. En rädsla inför framtiden och döden beskrevs. För att minska personens lidande är det viktigt att vården fungerar och att sjuksköterskan kan bemöta den drabbade på dennes nivå.

Abstract [en]

Background: In 2016, 64,000 malignant tumors were discovered in Sweden. Cancer occurs when there is an abnormal cell growth and the cells start to divide uncontrollably. When there is no chance that a curative treatment would succeed the palliative treatment takes place. It focuses on symptom relief and support for both the patient and his/her relatives. It is important for the nurse to be aware of how patients with incurable cancer experience their situation in order to provide as good care as possible.

Aim: To describe adult experiences of living with incurable cancer as well as to describe the data collection methods used in the selected articles.

Method: A descriptive literature study, which included twelve scientific articles. Nine articles of qualitative approach, and three of quantitative approach. The searches took place in PubMed and Cinahl. The selected articles were then objectively analyzed.

Key Findings: Fatigue was one of the most commonly experienced symptoms in terminally ill cancer patients. Fear of the future as well as fear of death were common feelings. Feeling of hope was considered important, as well as the relationship to loved ones. The contact with health care could be perceived as frustrating, however, many described that they were grateful for the help they received.

Conclusion: Living with an incurable cancer affects the people in both the physical, mental, social and existential part of life. A fear of the future and death is described. In order to reduce the person's suffering it is important that the health care works and that the nurse can respond to the patient at his level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 29
Keyword [en]
Adult, Cancer, Patients experience, Terminally ill
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, Patienters erfarenhet, Terminalt sjuk, Vuxna, Adult, Cancer, Patients experience, Terminally ill
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26463OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26463DiVA, id: diva2:1198811
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-18 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

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