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Tillfällen då hemodialyspatienter anser det vara svårast att undvika vätskeintag: En empirisk studie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate which situations haemodialysis patients consider as the hardest for avoiding fluid intake. The data collection was performed with a questionnaire which was distributed to haemodialysis patients who fulfilled the inclusioncriteria. Of 158 haemodialysis patients 103 haemodialysis patients chose to participate in the study. The participants were chosen from different dialysis centres (n=12) in north and south of sweden, excluding the middle of Sweden. The questionnaire that was given out consisted of 32 situations, the response format included nine alternatives, that included different kind of difficultes. The nine alternatives were; very easy, easy, neither easy or hard, hard, very hard, impossible, do not know, do not concerns me. The 32 situations were devided into four categories, physiological, affective, social and environmental factors. The main result indicated that it was hardest to avoid fluid in the physiological situations. For exampel when the patients felt a dryness in the mouth, when they felt thirsty or when they hade eaten salty food.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka vid vilka tillfällen hemodialyspatienter ansåg att det är svårast att undvika vätskeintag. Datainsamlingen skedde med en enkät som delades ut till dialyspatienter som uppfyllde författarnas förbestämda inklusionskriterierna. Av 158 patienter så valde 103 dialys patienter att delta i studien. Deltagarna valdes ifrån dialysenheter (n=12) som låg söder om Örebro samt norr om Sundsvall dvs mellan Sverige togs ej med. Enkäten som delades ut bestod av 32 olika situationer och till dem hörde nio olika svarsalternativ som innefattade olika svårighets grader. De nio olika svarsalternativen var; inga problem, mycket lätt, lätt, varken lätt eller svårt, svårt, mycket svårt, omöjligt, vet ej samt gäller inte mig. I databearbetningen delades de 32 olika situationer in i fyra olika grupper, fysiologiska, affektiva, sociala och miljöfaktorer. Huvudresultatet visade att det i de fysiologiska situationerna var svårast att följa vätskerestriktionerna. Exempelvis när patienterna kände sig torra i munnen, kände sig törstiga samt när de åt salt mat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
haemodialysis, fluid restrictions, compliance
Keywords [sv]
hemodialys, vätskerestriktioner, följsamhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-384Archive number: SSKHk05/vt08nr15OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-384DiVA, id: diva2:119941
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-03-25 Created: 2008-03-25

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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