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Patientens upplevelser under pågående behandling av ätstörningar: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this descriptive literature study was to describe the patients’ experience of the need for social support and the choice of coping strategies during treatment for eating disorders. Further, the authors wanted to describe the relationship with the parents and also to highlight the caring relationship between nurse and patient. Results that came to light, concerning the patients’ experience, were that patients with eating disorders, in a majority of studies, indicated a deficient social network. The authors´ studies point out a need for social support in the convalescence and a need for assistance when it comes to changing coping strategies in stressful situations or events. Furthermore, the authors also intend to seek strategies for successfully changing the dysfunctional eating behaviour. The family should be seen as a resource in the treatment without challenging the patients’ autonomy. Further, the family plays an important role to encourage new patterns of behaviour and to provide support and help during the patients’ treatment. Building a lasting relationship between patient and nurse is a significant part of the nursing care and thus an important step in the recovery process. The nurses´ caring work with this patient group can consist of help for patients to identify strategies for seeking social support in addition to facilitating the communication between the patient and its family. In order to provide these patients the possibility of good nursing care, it requires that nurses have basic knowledge about eating disorders, which the nurses should be prepared for during their education.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna deskriptiva litteraturstudie var att beskriva patientens upplevelser av socialt stödbehov och val av copingstrategier under pågående behandling av ätstörningar. Vidare ville författarna utifrån litteraturen beskriva relationen till familjen samt belysa den vårdande relationen mellan patient och sjuksköterska. Resultat som framkom angående patientens upplevelser var att patienter med ätstörningar i flertalet studier angavs ha bristande sociala nätverk. Studierna påvisar ett uttalat behov av socialt stöd för att kunna tillfriskna samt få hjälp att förändra copingstrategier vid stressfulla situationer eller händelser för att kunna ändra det dysfunktionella ätbeteendet. Familjen bör ses som en resurs i behandlingen utan att patientens autonomi utmanas. Familjen spelar bland annat en viktig roll till att uppmuntra nya beteendemönster och för att ge stöd och hjälp under behandlingsprocessen. Att bygga en hållbar relation mellan patient och sjuksköterska är en betydelsefull del av omvårdnaden och således ett viktigt steg i tillfrisknandeprocessen. Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete med denna patientgrupp kan innefatta hjälp för patienter med ätstörningar att identifiera strategier för att söka socialt stöd samt underlätta kommunikationen mellan patienten och dennes familj. För att kunna ge dessa patienter en möjlighet till att få god omvårdnad krävs det att sjuksköterskor har grundläggande kunskaper om ätstörningar vilket sjuksköterskan borde förberedas inför redan under sin utbildning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
Eating Disorders, social support, family, the nursing relationship
Keywords [sv]
Ätstörningar, socialt stöd, familj, den vårdande relationen
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-443Archive number: SSKHk05/vt08nr28OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-443DiVA, id: diva2:120003
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samhälle/juridik
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Available from: 2008-04-10 Created: 2008-04-10

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