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Sjuksköterskors trycksårsprevention och omvårdnad av patienter som utvecklat trycksår.: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor arbetar med preventiva åtgärder vid trycksårs uppkomst samt vilka omvårdnadsåtgärder som ges till patienter som utvecklat trycksår. Vetenskapliga artiklar söktes i databaserna Medline via Pubmed och Cinahl med sökorden nursing, pressure ulcer, prevention, treatment, therapy, intervention. Endast artiklar från år 2003- mars 2008 användes i studien. Både kvantitativa och kvalitativa artiklar användes, dessa artiklar granskades utifrån två modifierade granskningsprotokoll. Resultatet påvisade variationer av dessa preventiva insatser som sjuksköterskor använde sig av. Att tillföra kosttillskott som vitamin C, zink och proteiner som ett komplement till den vanliga sjukhusmaten visade ett positivt gensvar för läkning av trycksår. Tryckavlastning i form av tryckreducerande madrasser, vändscheman, speciella sittdynor, riskbedömningsinstrument i datasystem samt sjuksköterskornas kliniska blick används i hög grad till patienter som befann sig i riskzonen för att utveckla trycksår samt till patienter som hade utvecklat trycksår.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this literature review was to describe how nurses´ work with preventive measures for pressure ulcer and method of treatments to patients who have developed pressure ulcer. Scientific articles were searched for in Medline via Pubmed and Cinahl data base using the search terms: nursing, pressure ulcer, prevention, treatment, therapy, and intervention. Only articles that were published January 2003 to March, 2008 was used in the study. Both qualitative and quantitative articles were used and these articles were reviewed on the basis of two modified quality assessment instruments. The results showed a variation of preventive measures used by nurses. Adding nutritional supplements such as vitamin C, zinc and proteins gave a positive response for healing of pressure ulcers. Pressure-reducing techniques such as pressure-reducing mattresses, turning schedules, special cushions, pressure ulcer risk assessment scales and, last but not least, the nurses’ clinical flair was highly used for patients at risk of developing pressure ulcers and to patients who already had developed pressure ulcers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 23
Keyword [en]
therapy, intervention, Nursing, pressure ulcer, prevention, treatment
Keyword [sv]
Omvårdnad, trycksår, förebyggande, behandling, terapi, intervention
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-763Archive number: SSKVk06/ht08nr16OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-763DiVA, id: diva2:120354
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-10-20 Created: 2008-10-20

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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