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LIVET EFTER EN HJÄRTINFARKT- en litteraturstudie gällande patienters behov av stöd
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvalitativa litteraturstudie var att undersöka och sammanställa befintlig

forskning från 2000-talet om patienters behov av olika stöd efter en hjärtinfarkt.

Litteraturstudien innefattade14 vetenskapliga artiklar som analyserades. Resultatet visade två

huvudkategorier; individuellt/informationsstöd samt grupp/socialt stöd. Kategorin

individuellt/informationsstöd innehöll en önskan om mer information gällande hjärtat, dess

funktion och konsekvenserna av hjärtinfarkten. Råd och information angående förändringar i

livsstil, återanpassning till vardagsliv och stresshantering efterfrågades också liksom mer

information om läkemedlen och dess effekter. Allt detta skulle hjälpt till under

tillfrisknandefasen. Under kategorin grupp/socialt stöd framkom att stödgrupper och

rehabiliteringsprogram hade en betydande roll för tillfrisknandet efter hjärtinfarkten. Genom

att dela upplevelser med andra i samma situation, inte känna sig ensam och att ha en

kontinuerlig kontakt med professionell sjukvårdspersonal ökade också livsglädjen. Stöd från

familj och vänner hade också en viktig mening för tillfrisknandet.

Samtidigt framkom också ofta en överbeskyddarroll hos anhöriga vilket hos de flesta

upplevdes ha en negativ effekt och inverkan på tillfrisknandet. Slutsatsen visar att

sjuksköterskor har en betydande roll i att kunna hantera, bemöta, visa förståelse och stödja

varje individs individuella behov.

Nyckelord:

Abstract [en]

The aim of this literature review was to examine and compile existing research from the

beginning of the 21 st century about patients needs for different kind of support after a

myocardial infarction. This literature review included 14 scientific articles who where

analyzed. The result showed two main categories; individual/information support and

group/social support. Individual/information support showed a wish for more information

about the heart, its function and the consequences of the myocardial infarction. Advice and

information about lifestyle changes, readjustment to daily life and to cope with stress as well

as information about the medical treatment and its effects was asked for. That would have

helpt uring the process of recovery. Under the category of group/social support it emerged

that supportgroups and rehabilitationprograms had an significant part for the recovery after

the myocardial infarction. Through sharing experiences with others in the same situation, not

feeling alone and to have a continuous contact with health care professionals the zest for life

increased. Support from family and friends also had an important meaning for recovery. At

the same time it also often emerged an overprotective role in relatives that by most of the

patients seemed to have a negative effect and influence on the recovery. The conclusion

show´s that nurses have an important role to handle, treat, show understanding and support

every persons individual needs.

Keywords:

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 28
Keyword [en]
myocardial infarction, needs, support, recovery
Keyword [sv]
hjärtinfarkt, behov, stöd, tillfrisknande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-767Archive number: SSKVk06/ht08nr20OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-767DiVA, id: diva2:120358
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-10-20 Created: 2008-10-20

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Citation style
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