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”Vi” mot ”dom” i fyra nyhetstidningars diskurser kring Breivik och Akilov
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable development according to the University's criteria is not relevant for the essay/thesis
Abstract [sv]

Det övergripande syftet med studien var att studera hur terroristen, representerad av Anders Behring Breivik och Rakhmat Akilov, konstruerades i fyra svenska dagstidningar efter två händelser benämnda terrordåd: attentaten i Oslo och på Utøya 22 juli 2011, och lastbilsattacken i Stockholm 7 april 2017. Detta utifrån ett socialpsykologiskt och diskursanalytiskt perspektiv med den sociala identitetsteorin som ramverk och ingrupper och utgrupper i fokus. Resultatet visar att det förekom olika diskurser för de två gärningsmännen, där Breivik framställdes som en individ som är en målmedveten, kallblodig ensamvarg, medan Akilov definierades utifrån sina presumtiva grupptillhörigheter som en passiv och kollektiv främling som agerat på terrororganisationen IS initiativ. Breivik kan utifrån resultatet placeras i en ingrupp och Akilov i en utgrupp, vilket indikerar ett samhällsklimat där ”vi” ställs mot ”dom”, något som i sin tur kan påverka individens identitet och värderingar.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper was to study how the terrorist, represented by Anders Behring Breivik and Rakhmat Akilov, was constructed in four Swedish newspapers after two terrorist attacks in Norway July 22, 2011, and in Sweden, April 7, 2017. The study takes on a social psychological and discourse analytic perspective, where the social identity theory with its ingroups and outgroups is central. The result shows that there were different discourses for the two offenders, where Breivik was portraied as an individual who is a purposeful cold-blooded loner, while Akilov was defined on the basis of his presumptive group affiliations as a passive and collective alien. Based on the results, Breivik can be placed in an ingroup and Akilov in an outgroup, which indicates a social climate where ”we” are set against ”them”, something that in turn can influence the individuals identity and values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
Terrorism, Breivik, Akilov, massmedia, discourse analysis, social identity theory
Keywords [sv]
Terrorism, Breivik, Akilov, massmedier, diskursanalys, social identitetsteori
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26642OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26642DiVA, id: diva2:1210626
Subject / course
Psychology
Presentation
2018-05-07, Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, 12:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf