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Research methods in nursing students' Bachelor's theses in Sweden: a descriptive study
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, Institute of Gerontology, Aging Research Network-Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2018 (English)In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 66, p. 187-193Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: During the nursing programme in Sweden, students complete an independent project that allows them to receive both a professional qualification as a nurse and a Bachelor's degree. This project gives students the opportunity to develop and apply skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making, thus preparing them for their future work. However, only a few, small-scale studies have analysed the independent project to gain more insight into how nursing students carry out this task.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe the methods, including ethical considerations and assessment of data quality, applied in nursing students' independent Bachelor's degree projects in a Swedish context.

DESIGN: A descriptive study with a quantitative approach.

METHODS: A total of 490 independent projects were analysed using descriptive statistics.

RESULTS: Literature reviews were the predominant project form. References were often used to support the analysis method. They were not, however, always relevant to the method. This was also true of ethical considerations. When a qualitative approach was used, and data collected through interviews, the participants were typically professionals. In qualitative projects involving analysis of biographies/autobiographies or blogs participants were either persons with a disease or next of kin of a person with a disease.

CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the projects were literature reviews, it seemed unclear to the nursing students how the data should be analysed as well as what ethical issues should be raised in relation to the method. Consequently, further research and guidance are needed. In Sweden, independent projects are not considered research and are therefore not required to undergo ethics vetting. However, it is important that they be designed so as to avoid possible research ethics problems. Asking persons about their health, which occurred in some of the empirical projects, may therefore be considered questionable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 66, p. 187-193
Keywords [en]
Academic as topic, Baccalaureate, Dissertations, Education, Nursing, Nursing education research, Writing
National Category
Nursing Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26751DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2018.04.006ISI: 000433645200031PubMedID: 29709306Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046169098OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26751DiVA, id: diva2:1213243
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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