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Life cycle assessment of rice straw utilization practices in India
DBT-IOC Centre for Advanced Bioenergy Research, Research & Development Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, India.
Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
College of Engineering, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Dehradun, UA, India.
DBT-IOC Centre for Advanced Bioenergy Research, Research & Development Centre, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, India.
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2017 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 228, p. 89-98Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to find potential utilization practice of rice straw in India from an environmental perspective. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is conducted for four most realistic utilization practices of straw including: (1) incorporation into the field as fertilizer (2) animal fodder (3) electricity (4) biogas. The results show that processing of 1 ton straw to electricity and biogas resulted in net reduction of 1471 and 1023 kg CO2eq., 15.0 and 3.4 kg SO2eq. and 6.7 and 7.1 kg C2H6eq. emissions in global warming, acidification and photochemical oxidation creation potential respectively. Electricity production from straw replaces the coal based electricity and resulted in benefits in most of the environmental impacts whereas use as an animal fodder resulted in eutrophication benefits. The burning of straw is a harmful practice of managing straw in India which can be avoided by utilizing straw for bioenergy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 228, p. 89-98
Keywords [en]
Rice straw; LCA; Open burning; Electricity; Biogas; Animal fodder; Fertilizer
National Category
Environmental Biotechnology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26806DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.12.082ISI: 000397928000012PubMedID: 28056373Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85007569789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26806DiVA, id: diva2:1213911
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved

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Soam, Shveta

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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  • sv-SE
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Output format
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