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Hur uppfattar enhetschefer sin arbetsbelastning utifrån krav-kontroll och stödmodellen?: En kvalitativ studie utförd bland enhetschefer i en mindre kommun i Mellansverige
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How does unit managers experience their workload based on Karaseks & Theorells demand-control and support model? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att studera enhetschefers upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress, samt hur stressupplevelsen och balansen på deras privatliv varierade. En kvalitativ metod genomfördes med hjälp av en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Utifrån syfte och Karaseks och Theorells krav-kontroll och stödmodell utformades fyra frågeställningar. Sex enhetschefer intervjuades och det insamlade materialet analyserades med hjälp av en deduktiv tematisk analys. De fyra huvudtemana: krav på arbetsplatsen, kontroll över arbetssituationen, vikten av socialt stöd samt balansen mellan arbete och privatliv var förutbestämda utifrån teorin. Det övergripande resultatet visade på att respondenterna upplevde höga krav och låg kontroll på arbetsplatsen. Vidare framkom det att det sociala stödet var av stor vikt i respondenternas arbetssituation. Modellens förutsedda stressupplevelse stämde överens med enhetschefernas faktiska stressupplevelse och balansen mellan arbete och privatliv visade sig vara begränsad.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to study unit managers' experience of strenuous work and work-related stress, as well as how the stress experience impacted on their privacy. A qualitative method was carried out using a semi-structured interview guide. Based on the purpose and Karaseks and Theorell's demand-control and support model, four questions were formulated. Six unit managers were interviewed, and the collected material was analyzed using a deduction thematic analysis. The four main themes: workplace requirements, control of the work situation, the importance of social support and the balance between work and privacy were predetermined based on theory. The overall result showed that respondents experienced high demands and a low level of control at the workplace. Results also showed that social support was of great importance in the respondents' work situation. The model's predicted stress experience was in line with the unit managers' actual stress experience and the balance between work and privacy proved to be limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Demand-control-support model, workload, unit managers, stress experience, work-life balance
Keywords [sv]
Krav-kontroll och stödmodell, arbetsbelastning, enhetschefer, stressupplevelse, work-life balance
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27248OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27248DiVA, id: diva2:1222072
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human resources and labour relations
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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