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Delaktighet i skolan för elever med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The main objective of this research is to investigate and examine how elementary schools in a medium-sized city in Sweden work to promote participation for students with neuropsychiatric disabilities. The study has three main research questions; how schools encourage and foster participation, how they regard their resources and the difference between resource schools and communal schools. To clarify the scope and these research questions we have conducted a qualitative study with five semistructured interviews with principals and head of unit on three resource schools and two communal schools. The data was then dissected and analysed by deductive analysis method and the system theory. The results show that schools work to promote student participation by first improving their social skills both in class and outdoors, adapting the environment and providing an approach that considers individual needs. We found that the shortage of teachers and staff, as well as the lack of knowledge and experience in such matter, are two main concerns.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur grundskolor från klass 1-9 i en mellanstor stad i Sverige, arbetar för att främja delaktighet för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar. Studien har tre stycken frågeställningar; hur skolorna främjar delaktigheten, hur de upplever sina resurser och om arbetet skiljer sig mellan resursskolorna och de kommunala skolorna. För att besvara syftet och frågeställningar genomfördes en kvalitativ studie med fem stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer med rektorer och enhetschefer från tre stycken resursskolor och två stycken kommunala skolor. Datan analyserades sedan genom en deduktiv analysmetod. Resultatet visar att skolor arbetar för att främja elevernas delaktighet genom att först utveckla deras sociala förmåga både i klassen och utanför, anpassa miljön och ge individanpassade lösningar anpassad efter alla elevers individuella behov. Brist på personal samt kunskapsbrist hos befintlig personal upplevdes som största resursbristen och den största skillnaden mellan resursskolorna och de kommunala skolorna var personaltätheten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
neuropsychiatric disorders, participation, communal school, resource school, students
Keywords [sv]
Delaktighet, elever, kommunal skola, neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning, resursskola
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27467OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27467DiVA, id: diva2:1229212
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf