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Short is beautiful: Dimensionality and measurement invariance in two length of the Basic Psychological need Satisfaction at work scale
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 965Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self-determination theory proposes that all humans have three intrinsic psychological needs: the needs for Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness. These needs take different forms in different areas of life. The present study examines the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction at Work (BPNS-W) scale. The fit of 10-factor structures previously suggested for related versions of the scale were compared. Cross-sectional data from 1,200 participants were examined in a confirmatory factor analysis framework. Both the original 21-item version and a reduced 12-item version of the BPNS-W were examined. The General Health Questionnaire was used for validation. The results supported a three-factor solution with correlated error variances for the reversed items. Invariance testing of the long and short scales gave best support to the short scale, for which partial scalar invariance was achieved. The external validity of the short scale was supported by a hierarchical regression analysis in which each need made a unique contribution in predicting psychological well-being. In conclusion, the results corroborate a three-factor structure of BPNS-W. Although not perfect the short scale should, it is argued, be preferred over the long version. Directions for the future development of the scale are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A. , 2018. Vol. 9, article id 965
Keywords [en]
Basic need satisfaction scale, Confirmatory factor analysis, Measurement invariance, Motivation, Self-determination theory
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27517DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00965ISI: 000435408600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048534760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27517DiVA, id: diva2:1230630
Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-07-04 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, MårtenBoman, Eva

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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