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Observational Methods for Assessing Ergonomic Risks for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Scoping Review
Karolinska Insitutet, Department of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences and Society, División of Physical Therapy, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
2018 (English)In: Revista Ciencias de la Salud, ISSN 1692-7273, Vol. 16, no Special Issue, p. 8-38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (wrmsds) are one of the most common causes of absence from work. Exposures in the work environment can cause or aggravate the impact of these musculoskeletal disorders and the identification of ergonomic exposures are essential in risk assessment. It is important to assess all three key indicators of these exposures (intensity, frequency and duration) for being able to estimate the risk level for the development of wrmsds. Aim: This paper aims to give an overview of some of the observational methods that can be used for assessment of ergonomic risks at the workplace. Methods: This study was conducted as a scoping review of the medical and ergonomic literature and official governmental webpages in Sweden, U.S.A. and the Netherlands. Results: In total, 19 different observational methods were identified. We summarize our findings based on the body parts that were studied and what key indicators were assessed: 1) intensity of the work load (posture and force production), 2) frequency of the work load (e.g. repetitive movements), and 3) the duration of the work load (e.g. static work). In an appendix we include a brief presentation of these methods together with the work sheet (if available) and the source reference of the observational method. Conclusion: For ergonomists that perform risk assessments, there is a large number of observational assessment tools available and it is important to understand that different methods can be used simultaneously to be able to estimate the objective risk levels for wrmsds. © 2018, Universidad del Rosario. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universidad del Rosario , 2018. Vol. 16, no Special Issue, p. 8-38
Keywords [en]
Assessment, Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal disorders, Observational methods, Risk
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27650DOI: 10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/revsalud/a.6840Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049608087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27650DiVA, id: diva2:1238972
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved

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