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Time pressure and sleep problems due to thoughts about work as risk factors for future sickness absence
Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7952-3418
Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Division of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, The Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 91, no 8, p. 1051-1059Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: This study investigated whether time pressure or sleep problems due to thoughts about work are associated with future sickness absence (SA) among women and men employed in different sectors, also when adjusting for confounders including familial factors (genetics and shared environment).

METHODS: The study sample included 16,127 twin individuals (52% women), aged 19-47 years who in 2005 participated in an online survey including questions regarding time pressure, sleep, work and health. Register data on SA (> 14 days) were obtained from the National Social Insurance Agency and individuals were followed from date of survey response until 12/31/2013. Associations between time pressure, sleep problems due to thoughts about work and future SA were investigated using logistic regression analyses to assess odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

RESULTS: In total 5723 (35%) individuals had an incident SA spell during follow-up. Sleep problems due to thoughts about work were associated with SA in the fully adjusted model (OR 1.22, CI 1.10-1.36). Stratified by sector, the highest estimate was found for state employees (OR 1.54, CI 1.11-2.13). Familial factors did not seem to influence the associations. We found no statistically significant associations between time pressure and SA. No sex differences were found.

CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated that sleep problems due to thoughts about work is a risk factor for future SA. This follows previous research showing that sleep length and sleep disturbances, regardless of reason, are associated with SA. But, experiences of work-related time pressure seem to have no effect on SA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 91, no 8, p. 1051-1059
Keywords [en]
Sick leave, Sleep, Time pressure, Twins
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27868DOI: 10.1007/s00420-018-1349-9ISI: 000455181700014PubMedID: 30128755Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052490473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27868DiVA, id: diva2:1246030
Funder
AFA Insurance, 140246Swedish Research Council, 2017-00641Swedish Research Council, 521-2008-3054Swedish Research Council, 2017-00624Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2007-0830Swedish Society of Medicine
Note

Funding agency:

National Institute of Health, USA  Grant no: DK 066134 and CA 085739 

Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2019-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Bergström, Gunnar

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