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Upplevelsen av ofrivillig barnlöshet i parrelationer: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund

Infertilitet innebär att en individ inte kan bli gravid efter minst tolv månaders oskyddat samlag. Trots utredning får cirka 10–15% som svar att de är oförklarligt barnlösa.

Syfte

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva upplevelsen av ofrivillig barnlöshet ur ett parperspektiv samt att beskriva undersökningsgrupperna i utvalda artiklar

Metod

Studien var en beskrivande litteraturstudie. Datainsamling genomfördes via databaserna CINAHL och Medline via PubMed, resultatet grundades på 13 stycken vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats.

Huvudresultat

Dataanalysen av de 13 inkluderade artiklarna resulterade i sex teman. ”Förväntningar med livet”, ”Längtan efter barn”, ”Att inte ha kontroll”, ”Stigmatisering och utanförskap”, ”Hur förhållandet påverkas” och ”Att stötta och uppleva stöd”. Artiklarnas urvalsgrupper analyserades utifrån ålder, kön, typ av partnerskap samt studiens land.

Slutsats

Längtan efter ett barn resulterade i känslor av ilska, orättvisa och ånger över de prioriteringar som funnits i livet. Många par ifrågasatte meningen med livet och upplevde att de tappat kontrollen. De som drabbats av ofrivillig barnlöshet behöver ses som individer och få anpassad vård efter eget behov, för att ge en ökad trygghet och bidra till ett bättre stöd.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background

Infertility signifies that an individual cannot achieve pregnancy after at least twelve months of unprotected intercourse. Despite the investigation, about 10-15% receive the answer that they are inexplicably childless.

Aim

The purpose of the literature study was to describe the perception of involuntary childlessness from a couple perspective and describe the sample groups in chosen articles.

Method

The study was a descriptive literature study. Data was collected from databases CINAHL and Medline via PubMed, the result was based on thirteen scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approach.

Results

The data analysis of the 13 included articles resulted in six themes. ” Life expectations”, ”The longing for children”, ”To not have control”, ”Stigmatization and exclusion”, ”How the relationship is affected” and ”Support and experience of support”. The selection groups of the articles were analyzed based on gender, age, kind of partnership and the country of the study.

Conclusion  

The longing for a child resulted in feelings of anger, injustice and regret over the priorities earlier in life. Several couples questioned the meaning of life and experienced a loss of control. Those who suffer from involuntary childlessness need to be seen as individuals and get adapted care to their own needs, in order to increase their confidence and contribute to a better support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Couples, experiences, infertility
Keywords [sv]
Infertilitet, par, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28581OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28581DiVA, id: diva2:1264997
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved

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