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Att vårda patienter med suicidproblematik – Vårdpersonalens upplevelser och attityder: En litteraturöversikt
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Suicid är den vanligaste yttre dödsorsaken i Sverige. Årligen avlider ca 1100 personer i Sverige och ca 800 000 personer över hela världen på grund av suicid. De största riskfaktorerna för suicid är cancerbesked, tidigare suicidförsök, traumatisk huvudskada, epilepsi, kronisk sjukdom eller smärta samt vissa psykiska sjukdomar och tillstånd. Patienter med suicidproblematik beskriver att relationen med vårdpersonal har betydelse och skamkänslor inför vårdpersonal förekommer.

Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie var att beskriva vårdpersonals upplevelser av och attityder till att vårda patienter med suicidproblematik i sjukhusmiljö. Syftet har även varit att granska de datainsamlingsmetoder som använts i de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design grundad på tio vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativ ansats. PubMed och Cinahl har använts vid databassökningarna. Artiklarna har lästs i sin helhet av båda författarna med fokus på resultat och metod.

Huvudresultat: Litteraturstudien visar att vårdpersonalens känslomässiga upplevelser var likartade. Vårdpersonal som inte har utbildning inom psykiatri kan ha sämre attityder mot patienter än vårdpersonal med utbildning inom psykiatri. Eventuella skillnader i attityder kan finnas hos personal med annan trosuppfattning. Vårdpersonalen har behov av att prata om samt förstå situationen när en patient har suiciderat. Dokumentation ses som en belastning då det tar upp tid som kan läggas på patienten.

Slutsatser: Majoriteten upplevde en känslomässig belastning vid vårdandet av patienter med suicidproblematik. Vårdpersonal som saknar utbildning inom psykiatrin visar skillnader i attityder gentemot patienter jämfört med vårdpersonal som har utbildning i psykiatri. Detta bör uppmärksammas för att tydliggöra utvecklingsområden inom vården av patienter med suicidproblematik.

Abstract [en]

Background: The most common external cause of death in Sweden is suicide. Approximately 1100 people in Sweden and 800 000 worldwide annually commits suicide. The main risk factors for suicide is cancer diagnosis, previous suicide attempts, traumatic head injury, epilepsy, chronic disease or pain, as well as certain mental illnesses and conditions. Patients with suicidal problems describe that the relationship with healthcare professionals is important and that there is a sense of shame in front of them.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experiences and attitudes of health care personnel towards working with suicidal patients in a hospital setting as well as examine the data-collection methods used in the included articles.

Method: Literature review with descriptive design based on ten scientific articles with qualitative approach. The databases PubMed and Cinahl has been used to gather the articles included in this study. The articles has been read in their entirety by both authors with focus on the result and method to determine the eligibility för this study.

Main Result: The literature study shows that the emotional experiences of healthcare professionals were similar. Healthcare professionals who do not have education in psychiatry may have lesser attitudes towards patients than healthcare professionals with psychiatric education. Some differences in attitudes can be found in staff with different beliefs. Healthcare staff need to talk about and understand the situation when a patient has committed a suicide act. Documentation is seen as a load since it takes a lot of time from nursing work with the patient.

Conclusion: The majority of the population experienced an emotional endeavor while caring for suicidal patients. Healthcare professionals who lacks education in psychiatry shows disparities in attitudes towards patients compared to healthcare professionals who have an education in psychiatry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Suicide, health care personnel, experience, attitudes
Keywords [sv]
Suicid, vårdpersonal, upplevelser, attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28737DiVA, id: diva2:1267391
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-02 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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