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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av palliativ vård inom slutenvård
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Genom en tidig identifiering av lidande så ska den palliativa vården ge en lindring från smärta och tillkommande problem som fysiska, psykosociala och andliga. Den palliativa vården syftar inte till att varken påskynda eller skjuta upp döden utan att stödja patienten att leva så aktivt och bra som möjligt i slutskedet av livet. Sjuksköterskan inom den palliativa vården ska vara professionell och visa lyhördhet, medkänsla, respektfullhet, integritet och trovärdighet.                                                                                                                 Syfte: Syftet i den studien var att få kunskap om vilken erfarenhet sjuksköterskor har av den palliativa vården inom slutenvård samt att beskriva hur undersökningsgruppen i de valda artiklarna presenterades.                                                                       Metod: Denna litteraturstudie har en deskriptiv design och baseras på tolv vetenskapliga studier med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats publicerade mellan år 2008–2018. De vetenskapliga studierna söktes i databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl.                                                                                                Huvudresultat: I resultatet framkom det att sjuksköterskorna ansåg att kommunikationen i palliativ vård är avgörande för att kunna skapa förtroende och bedöma problem. Sjuksköterskorna upplevde att det var viktigt att bry sig om och tillgodose anhörigas och patientens behov samt erbjuda dem support och vägledning. Sjuksköterskorna ansåg att de är patienternas förespråkare och att de har ett viktigt ansvar. Brister i det palliativa vårdsystemet gjorde att de upplevde att vården blev försämrad då detta ledde till att sjuksköterskorna inte hade tid att kunna ge tröst till patientens anhöriga när patienten hade avlidit.                                                      Slutsats: Det var viktigt att sjuksköterskor upplevde arbetet inom den palliativa vården givande för att klara av sitt arbete. Det framkom i studien att sjuksköterskorna har många arbetsuppgifter inom den palliativ vården, de har inte bara ett ansvar för patienten utan även för de anhöriga. Den krävande vårdorganisationen gör att sjuksköterskorna inte kan spendera lika mycket tid med patienten och anhöriga som de annars skulle vilja, detta och bristfällig kommunikation med läkaren bidrar till påfrestningar som sjuksköterskorna hanterar genom hanteringsstrategier.             

Abstract [en]

Background: Through an early identification of suffering, palliative care will provide ease from pain and additional problems such as physical, psychosocial and spiritual. The palliative care does not aim to accelerate or postpone death but supports the patient to live as actively and well in the final stages of life as possible. Nurses in palliative care should be professional, show responsiveness, compassion, respectfulness, integrity and credibility.                                                     Purpose: The purpose of the present literature study was to obtain knowledge about the experience nurses have in palliative care in end-care and to illustrate how the research group in the selected articles was presented.                                          Method: This literature study has a descriptive design and is based on twelve scientific studies with both qualitative and quantitative work published between the years 2008-2018. The scientific studies were found in the databases Pubmed and Cinahl.                                                                                                       Main Result: The results showed that nurses felt that communication in palliative care is crucial in order to create confidence and assess problems. Nurses felt that it was important to care for and cater for the needs of relatives and patients, and to offer them support and guidance. Nurses considered that they are the advocates of the patient and that they have an important responsibility. Deficiencies in the palliative care system led to the fact that healthcare deteriorated as this led to nurses not having time to give comfort to the patient's relatives when the patient had died.                                    Conclusion: It was of great importance that the nurse saw the work in the palliative care rewarding to cope with their work. It was found in this literature study that nurses have many tasks in palliative care, not only for the patient but also for the relatives and for the care organization. The demanding care organization does not allow the nurses to spend as much time with the patient and relatives as they would otherwise want, this and inadequate communication with the doctor contributes to the stresses that nurses handle through management strategies.         

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Experiences, palliative care, nurses, closed care, experiences
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, palliativ vård, sjuksköterskor, sluten vård, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28754OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28754DiVA, id: diva2:1268014
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved

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