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Personers erfarenheter av att leva med fibromyalgi: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fibromyalgi är ett långvarigt diffust smärttillstånd som är vanligare hos kvinnor än hos män. Orsaken till fibromyalgi är oklar men de vanligaste symtomen är långvarig smärta och trötthet. Syndromet är svårt att definiera och tidskrävande att både diagnostisera och behandla. Sjuksköterskan har ett stort ansvar för omvårdnaden kring dessa patienter men anser att de har bristande kunskaper gällande fibromyalgi.

Syfte: Att beskriva personers erfarenheter av att leva med fibromyalgi, samt att beskriva de inkluderade artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med beskrivande design där tio kvalitativa artiklar inkluderades som söktes vid databasen Medline via PubMed.

Huvudresultat: Personerna med fibromyalgi upplevde att den ständiga smärtan var det främsta problemet i vardagen vilket hade negativ påverkan på deras psykiska- och sociala liv. Att inte bli trodd på och tagen på allvar inom hälso- och sjukvård upplevdes som frustrerande. Bristfällig kunskap om fibromyalgi hos vårdpersonal var vanligt och personerna upplevde att det ofta tolkades som att de hade psykiska åkommor. Samtliga artiklar i föreliggande studie använde intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod, där semistrukturerade intervju var vanligast förekommande.

Slutsats: Personers erfarenheter av att leva med fibromyalgi har visat att de har en stor negativ inverkan på personernas fysiska, psykiska och sociala liv. Smärtan och tröttheten påverkar det dagliga livet och arbetslivet negativt. Personerna beskriver även att de sällan blir trodda på, av vårdpersonal eller samhälle. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig del i bemötandet av personer med fibromyalgi, vilket är betydelsefullt för en god omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Background: Fibromyalgia is a long term pain condition that is more common among women than among men. The cause of fibromyalgia is unclear but common symptoms are long lasting pain and fatigue. The syndrome is difficult to define and requires time to diagnose and treat. The nurse has a major responsibility for the care of these patients, but believes that they have insufficient knowledge about fibromyalgia.

Aim: To describe people's experience of living with fibromyalgia and to describe the methods of data collection in the included articles.

Method: Literature study with a descriptive design that included ten qualitative articles who were acquired through the database Medline via PubMed.

Results: People with fibromyalgia experienced that the constant pain was the main problem in their daily life since it affected their mood and social life negatively. Not being believed or taken seriously in healthcare caused people to feel frustrated. Insufficient knowledge of fibromyalgia in healthcare professionals was common and people experienced that they were often interpreted to have mental disorders. The articles in this study used interviews as data collection method, where semistructured interviews was most common.

Conclusion: People’s experience of living with fibromyalgia has shown that it has a major negative impact on their physical, mental and social life. The constant pain and fatigue have negative impact on daily life and at work. People also described how they are rarely believed by healthcare professionals or society. The nurse has an important part in the treatment of people with fibromyalgia which is important for a good nursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Daily life, Experience, Fibromyalgia, Pain
Keywords [sv]
Dagliga livet, Erfarenheter, Fibromyalgi, Smärta
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28792OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28792DiVA, id: diva2:1269461
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-10Bibliographically approved

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