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Riskfaktorer och omvårdnad för psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Young people are constantly exposed to risk factors that may affect mental health. But through knowledge and proper nursing, several risk factors can be eliminated which will improve mental health.

Aim: The purpose of the study is to highlight risk factors and nursing measures for mental illness among young people. The aim was also to investigate the chosen articles' data analysis methodology.

Method: This descriptive literature study was founded on 16 scientific articles. The literature was analyzed and reviewed to distinguish themes. In addition to this, the data analysis methodology was examined.

Results: Several risk factors showed an increased risk of mental health among young people. Risk factors was most apparent amongst youth whose families had poor socioeconomic status, who witnessed or been subjected to violence and exclusion. Overall, a higher proportion of young female reported mental illness. In nursing care for young people who suffered from mental illness, there was a great need for support. The literature showed the importance of the nurse ability to spend enough time and built up a trustworthy relationship with the patient. Though motivation and education by the nurse, the awareness increased, and feeling of stigmatization decreased in the population of young people with mental illness.

Conclusions: This literature study highlights several risk factors regarding mental illness among young people, the most significant were the impact of the family, socioeconomic conditions, postponed or witnessed violence, being a female and stress. The literature study also addresses nursing in mental health among young people, highlighting the importance of providing support, listening, being available, working to build a trustful relationship, interacting with parents and mental healthcare expertise. This knowledge enables nurses to identify mental illness among early-stage adolescents and to institute nursing measures on time.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ungdomar utsätts ständigt för riskfaktorer som kan påverka den psykiska ohälsan. Men genom kunskap och rätt omvårdnad kan flera riskfaktorer elimineras och det psykiska måendet förbättras.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att belysa riskfaktorer och omvårdnadsåtgärder vid psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar samt granska de valda artiklarnas dataanalysmetod.

Metod: Denna beskrivande litteraturstudie grundades på 16 vetenskapliga artiklar som analyserats och granskats för att urskilja teman samt vilken dataanalysmetod som använts.

Huvudresultat: Flera olika riskfaktorer visade ge ökad risk för psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar. Det som stod ut mest var ungdomar vars familjer hade sämre socioekonomiska förhållanden, ungdomar som bevittnat eller blivit utsatt för våld samt utanförskap. Överlag led fler andel tjejer av psykisk ohälsa. I omvårdnaden kring ungdomar som drabbats av psykisk ohälsa sågs ett stort behov av stöd. Det var också viktigt att sjuksköterskan tog sig tid och byggde upp ett förtroendefullt förhållande gentemot ungdomen. Genom att sjuksköterskan motiverade och utbildade ungdomar med psykisk ohälsa ökade medvetenheten och stigmatiseringen minskade.

Slutsatser: Denna litteraturstudie belyste flera riskfaktorer för psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar, vanligaste var familjens inverkan, socioekonomiska förhållanden, att utsättas eller bevittna våld, att vara tjej och stress. Litteraturstudien lyfte även omvårdnadsåtgärder vid psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar där de belyste vikten av att ge stöd, lyssna, vara tillgänglig, arbeta för att bygga en förtroendefull relation samt samverka med föräldrar och andra professioner. Denna kunskap möjliggör för sjuksköterskor att identifiera psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar i tidigt stadie och sätta in omvårdnadsåtgärder i tid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Nursing measures, Mental illness, Risk factors, Adolescents
Keywords [sv]
Omvårdnadsåtgärder, Psykisk ohälsa, Riska faktorer, Ungdomar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28919OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28919DiVA, id: diva2:1272850
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved

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