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Riskfaktorer som kan bidra till psykisk ohälsa hos barn
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa hos barn har ökat stadigt de senaste 20 åren. God psykisk hälsa är en förutsättning för att barn skall kunna utvecklas optimalt. Globalt sett lider ca 10-20 % av världens barn av psykisk ohälsa.  Det finns begränsad forskning kring vilka faktorer som kan bidra till denna ökning.

Syfte: att identifiera och beskriva riskfaktorer som kan bidra till psykisk ohälsa hos barn.

Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie av 13 vetenskapliga artiklar, 12 artiklar med kvantitativ ansats och 1 artikel med kvalitativ ansats.

Huvudresultat: Resultatet visar att barn som upplever en psykisk ohälsa påverkas av olika riskfaktorer. Identifierade riskfaktorer var hur familjens struktur såg ut, föräldrarnas hälsa samt föräldrarnas utbildningsnivå och socioekonomiska status. Utsatthet var en annan betydande riskfaktor. I resultatet framkommer det att dessa faktorer har en negativ inverkan på barnets psykiska hälsa.

Slutsats: Barn som lever i en ogynnsam hemmiljö med familjekonflikter eller föräldrar med en psykisk ohälsa är i riskzonen för att själva utveckla en psykisk ohälsa. Utsatthet som mobbning och olika typer av misshandel leder till en svag självbild och en markant risk för psykisk ohälsa.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental ill health in children has increased steadily over the past 20 years. Good mental health is a prerequisite for children to develop optimally. Globally, about 10-20% of the world's children suffer from mental ill health. There is limited research on what factors can contribute to this increase.

Purpose: To identify and describe risk factors that can contribute to mental ill health in children.

Method: A descriptive literature study of 13 scientific articles, 12 articles with quantitative approach and 1 article with qualitative approach.

Main results: The result shows that children who experience mental ill health are affected by various risk factors. Identified risk factors were the structure of the family, the health of the parents, and the parents' education and socio-economic status. Exposure was another significant risk factor. The result shows that these factors have a negative impact on the child's mental health

Conclusion: Children living in an unfavorable home environment with family conflicts or parents with mental ill health are at risk of developing mental illness themselves. Exposure like bullying and various types of abuse leads to a weak self-image and a significant risk of mental ill health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Child, Risk factors, Mental ill health
Keywords [sv]
Barn, Riskfaktorer, Psykisk ohälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29050OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29050DiVA, id: diva2:1275155
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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