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Identifying the added pedagogical value in teachers’ educational designs with digital technologies
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies. Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3362-7198
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This research is part of a longitudinal design-based research (DBR) project in which the researcher collaborates with eight teachers of English as a foreign language. The objective of this study is to analyse the pedagogical use of ICT and the value this adds in educational designs that are described by teachers and students as having successfully supported learning during the DBR project.

A design framework is used as a conceptual tool to support the creation, evaluation and elaboration of research-based and context relevant educational designs. Nvivo software is used for the thematic coding and analysis of multiple data sources.

The findings show that the use of ICT added pedagogical value by enabling collaborative practices with peers and external actors in authentic contexts and empowered students as designers of their own meaning-making practices by affording and stimulating communication and reflection for learning in relation to knowledge representations of the teachers’, peers’, external actors’ and students’ own conceptual organisation and practice capabilities.

Moreover, the findings illustrate how the use of ICT for added pedagogical value depended on the teachers’ willingness and abilities to reframe and develop their pedagogical reasoning and practices in relation to: the content to be taught, the students in question, possible pedagogical strategies and the available technologies. 

The article provides evidence-based examples of how technology can be used to add pedagogical value and shows that it is how teachers and students use the existing technology to support teaching and learning that determines whether value is added or not.

Keywords [en]
added pedagogical value, design-based research, design framework, educational design, ICT, teaching
National Category
Didactics Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Information Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29114DiVA, id: diva2:1278626
Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Designing for added pedagogical value: A design-based research study of teachers’ educational design with ICT
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing for added pedagogical value: A design-based research study of teachers’ educational design with ICT
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In an increasingly digitized world teachers are expected to take on the role of educational designers and use ICT to design in ways that add pedagogical value to teaching and learning. This thesis adopts a design-based research (DBR) approach to: (a) explore and contribute to the educational design processes of teachers of English as a foreign language in their efforts to use ICT for added pedagogical value, (b) examine how ICT is used in educational designs to create/contribute to what the teachers and students describe as added value and (c) explore, problematize and refine DBR as a research approach.

Literature studies and a collaborative self-study preceded the DBR to guide its focus and implementation. The DBR was carried out over a period of two years in four upper secondary schools in Sweden in which every student had access to their own computer. The research data consists of: (a) audio recorded design conversations, (b) enacted educational designs and design elements as parts of these, (c) reflective log entries written by the participating teachers, (d) focus group interviews with students and (e) the researcher’s field notes.

Six different theoretical frameworks and models are used in combination in the accompanying articles to analyze the data and achieve the three research aims. The findings show how teachers’ pedagogical reasoning and TPACK development are interconnected and reciprocal aspects of the educational design process and how the externalization of, and reflection on, these aspects is necessary to develop the specific and practical TPACK needed to realize design intentions in situated contexts. A number of challenges and opportunities in the educational process have been identified.

Moreover, the findings show how ICT was used to contribute added value in educational designs by facilitating: (a) more authentic and seamless learning experiences in external online contexts with both in-class and out-of-class actors irrespective of time and place, (b) an exchange of digital knowledge representations of understanding and practice between different actors, e.g. for the purposes of modelling, supporting cognitive apprenticeship, meta-cognitive self-regulation and formative assessment and (c) new and extended forms of, and opportunities for, collaborative creation and meaning-making.

The current common focus in DBR on the development of prescriptive design principles is problematized in relation to the findings of the thesis, which illustrate the complex and situated nature of the educational design process. A theoretically and empirically informed design framework (DF) is developed and used as a conceptual tool to guide and analyze educational design processes and enactments. The findings illustrate how the use of the DF and the process of collaborative design reflection contributed to the analysis of the teachers’ design intentions and de facto design practices and to a DBR format that allowed the participants to use their respective competencies in the development of educational designs for added value. The thesis thereby serves as an example of how DBR can be methodically implemented to study and generate increased knowledge about teachers’ design intentions and design practices, develop research-based educational designs in line with teachers’ pedagogical intentions and support their development as educational designers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, 2019. p. 127
Series
Report Series / Department of Computer & Systems Science, ISSN 1101-8526 ; 19-001
Keywords
added pedagogical value, design-based research, design framework, educational design, educational design research, EFL, ICT, teacher practice, TPACK
National Category
Didactics Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Information Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29113 (URN)978-91-7797-534-2 (ISBN)978-91-7797-535-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-01-25, L 70, NOD-huset, Borgarfjordsgatan 12, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Manuscript.

Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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