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Why Microfinance in Rich Developed Countries?
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9080-2629
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4383-6452
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5257-7459
2019 (English)In: ICBM 2019 2nd International Conference on Business and Management, Dhaka: BRAC University , 2019, p. 795-, article id ICBM-19-0316Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This research deals with the influence of microfinance/microcredits on business development analyzing how micro finances affect establishment of small enterprises in Sweden. For the analysis, the following research questions were addressed: How do small enterprises get access to microfinances and what kind of businesses are established through microfinances? Microcredit means giving entrepreneurs access to financial resources to borrow a small amount of money to invest in income generating business activities context related. A model of microcredit was developed to lend money to the poor for business entrepreneurship. Access to microfinance can facilitate poverty reduction and incorporate economic and social development. Relationship based lending is affected by cultural and social context. Multiple case studies were applied for data collection from two small enterprises in Gothenburg, Sweden and a microfinance institution in Sweden. Qualitative data was collected in form of semi-structured interviews. Direct observation and documents were also used as data source. The study shows that microfinance contributes to development of sustainable enterprises and generates employment for people. The research shows that microfinance leads to sharing risks and financing projects in social enterprises, cooperative business and associations. It provides people with social networks, enhances their independence, empowers them and improves the quality of their life by generating incomes. It is important for the microfinance institutions to get recognition as important actors in the financial sector to succeed. The research contributes to the literature and theories of microfinances by developing a model about microfinances in developed countries. The limitation of the study is that we had studied only two small enterprises in a developed country. We suggest comparative studies on the influence of microfinance on business development and women empowerment between emerging economies and developed countries or between developed countries.

REFERENCES [1] C. Fouillet, M. Hudon, B. Harris-White and J. Copestake, “Micorfinance studies: Introduction and overview,” Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-16. [2] K. Burzynska and O. Berggren,“ The impact of social beliefs on microfinance performance,” Journal of International Development, Vol. 27, No. 7, 2014, pp.1074-1097. [3] M. Yunus, “Building social business: The new kind of capitalism that serves humanity’s most pressing needs,” The University press Limited: Bangladesh, 2010. [4] M. Yunus, “banker to the poor: The autography of Muhammad Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank,” The University press Limited: Bangladesh, 1998.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dhaka: BRAC University , 2019. p. 795-, article id ICBM-19-0316
Keywords [en]
Social enterprises, microfinances, microcredits, empowerment, Micro Fund, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29557ISBN: 9789843443540 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29557DiVA, id: diva2:1315414
Conference
2nd International Conference on Business and Management (ICBM 2019) 'Industry Focused Global Research Trends in Business and Management', 25-27 April 2019, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-13 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Fregidou-Malama, MariaHyder, Akmal SChowdhury, Ehsanul

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