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Att leva med KOL: -En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning Syftet med studien var att få ökad kunskap och undersöka om det finns några konsekvenser i det dagliga livet för personer som får diagnosen kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom, KOL. Syftet var också att undersöka vilken betydelse individuell information och utbildning, nutrition och träning samt omvårdnad har för personer som får diagnosen KOL. För att få svar på frågeställningarna valde författarna att göra en deskriptiv litteraturstudie. Data samlades in via databaserna SweMed, PubMed/Medline och Cinahl. Författarna valde sökorden KOL, nutrition, omvårdnad, träning, information och livskvalitet på både engelska och svenska som kombinerades på olika sätt för att få bästa sökresultat. Resultatet baseras på 15 vetenskapliga artiklar där det framkom att det var mycket viktigt med individuell information och utbildning om sjukdomen KOL till en person som får diagnosen. I flera av studierna framkom det att nutritionen var av stor betydelse för sjukdomsförloppet. Övervikt samt malnutrition var vanligt förekommande och ska alltid ses som ett allvarligt problem. Flera av studierna som berörde ämnesområdet fysisk aktivitet sade emot varandra. Några studier visade positiv effekt av fysisk aktivitet medan andra studier inte visade någon förbättring av den fysiska funktionen dock inte heller någon försämring.  Nyckelord: KOL, nutrition, fysisk aktivitet, omvårdnad, information

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The aim of the study was to gain knowledge and to find out if there are any consequences in the daily life for a person diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD. The aim was also to find out what influence individual information and education, nutrition, exercising and nursing have on a person diagnosed with COPD.  In order to receive this information the authors decided to make a descriptive study of literature. Data were collected from the data bases SweMed, PubMed/Medline and Cinahl by using key words COPD, nutrition, nursing, exercising, information and quality of life. These key words were used in English as well as in Swedish. They were also combined in various ways in order to receive the best results of the computer search. The result is based on 15 scientific articles which all establish that for a person diagnosed with COD it is very important to receive individual information and education about the disease. Several studies showed that nutrition has an impact on the progression of the disease. Obesity and malnutrition is a common issue among persons with COPD and this issue should always be considered as a serious problem. Several studies on the subject of physical activity showed contradictory results. Some studies showed that physical activity has a positive effect on the physical function while others showed that physical activity neither has a positive nor a negative effect on the physical function.  

 

Keywords: COPD, nutrition, physical activity, nursing, information

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 18
Keyword
COPD
Keyword
Kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-3367Archive number: SSKVk06/ht08nr31OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-3367DiVA, id: diva2:132478
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-01-07 Created: 2008-12-19 Last updated: 2009-01-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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