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Do relationships matter? Linking the advancement of shipper-logistics service provider relationships with green logistics implementation
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. (CLIP)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0582-8942
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. (CLIP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5541-7725
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 26th EurOMA conference, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The contract logistics literature implicitly suggests that establishing advanced relationships between shippers (logistics buyers) and logistics service providers (LSPs) plays a role in facilitating green logistics practices. We systematically test this claim through surveying 335 companies (170 shippers; 165 LSPs) in Sweden. Using factor- and multiple regression analyses, we confirm that implementing green logistics practices is influenced by advanced relationships settings, but not all practices adhere to this. Also, a distinction is made on whether relationship advancement is expressed by the contract design or the degree of integration between the partners; the former better explains the implementation of the practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
LSPs, environmental sustainability, logistics relationships
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30176DiVA, id: diva2:1329194
Conference
26th EurOMA conference, June 17-19, 2019, Helsinki, Finland
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2022-09-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Engaging in green logistics: An eye on shippers, logistics service providers, and their interactions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engaging in green logistics: An eye on shippers, logistics service providers, and their interactions
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The logistics and transport industry places a heavy load on the environment, causing various harms such as air pollution, global warming and resource depletion. The logistics and supply chain management literature assigns the largest share of responsibility for alleviating such harms to two supply chain actors: shippers (i.e., logistics buyers) and logistics service providers (LSPs), which motivated focusing on them in this thesis. Specifically, the purpose of this thesis is to investigate the engagements of shippers and LSPs in different green logistics practices (GLPs) throughout the logistics purchasing process, and to propose improvements for such engagements by their interactions.

Three research questions drive this investigation. The first question handles comparing the drivers (i.e., institutional pressures) for shippers to purchase GLPs and for LSPs to provide them—to reveal how this ‘one-tier network’ is driven as a whole. The second question aims to describe how shippers and LSPs engage in the different GLPs throughout the logistics purchasing process (across its four phases: request for proposal, negotiations, contracting and execution) and why such engagement takes place as it does. The third question aims to propose improvements for shippers’ and LSPs’ engagements in the different GLPs throughout the process—by enacting different degrees of interactions (cooperation vs. collaboration). A methodological triangulation approach is used to answer these questions, based on five papers that are extracted from three studies: a single case (shipper-LSP dyad), a multiple case (3 shippers, 5 LSPs) and a survey (169 shippers, 162 LSPs).

The findings reveal a lack of direct regulatory, market and competitive pressures on shippers to purchase GLPs. These are compared to existing (yet insufficient) regulatory pressure, effective market pressure and emergent competitive pressure on LSPs to provide GLPs. The findings also reveal gaps between the actors’ purchasing-providing engagements in GLPs across the purchasing process, which followed three patterns: steady & wide, steady & narrow and emergent. Distinct GLPs are associated with each pattern, and detailed explanations are presented for these associations based on the characteristics of each GLP . Further, the findings propose paths to improve the actors’ engagements in GLPs across the process, based on the gap pattern for each GLP and the degrees of shipper-LSP interactions required for it (cooperation vs. collaboration).

This thesis contributes to the body of knowledge through systematically incorporating a trilateral actor-, phase- and GLP-specific distinction into the green logistics purchasing discussion. Also, it transcends the descriptive (and general) level of analysis of shippers’ and LSPs’ green engagements during the logistics purchasing process, by: (i) explaining why such engagements occur as they do and (ii) providing recommendations that could actually improve these engagements. Insights are offered to managers at shipper/LSP firms to assist them in modifying their purchasing/marketing strategies throughout the purchasing process with respect to specifically targeted GLPs. Insights are also offered to policymakers to set suitable regulations on both actors to support ‘greening’ logistics networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2020. p. 150
Series
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 37
Keywords
Interactions, logistics relationships, LSP, GSCM, logistics buyer, environmental sustainability, third-party logistics, Sweden
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-34005 (URN)978-91-7873-625-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-10-02, https://kth-se.zoom.us/j/69608280656, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-09-24 Created: 2020-09-24 Last updated: 2022-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Jazairy, Amervon Haartman, Robin

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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