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Designing Policies and Programmes for Improved Energy Efficiency in Industrial SMEs
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9439-5071
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
Tractebel Engineering S.A., Brussels, Belgium.
Socio-Economic Research Center, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo, Japan.
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2019 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 12, no 7, article id 1338Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change, due to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, is driving policymakers to make decisions to promote more efficient energy use. Improved industrial energy efficiency is said to play a key role in the transition to more carbon-neutral energy systems. In most countries, industrial small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent 95% or more of the total number of companies. Thus, SMEs, apart from using energy, are a major driver in the economy with regard to innovation, GDP growth, employment, investments, exports, etc. Despite this, research and policy activities related to SMEs have been scarce, calling for contributions in the field. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to critically assess how adequate energy efficiency policy programmes for industrial SMEs could be designed. Results show that scientific publications in the field differ in scope and origin, but a major emphasis of the scientific papers has been on barriers to and drivers for energy efficiency. Scientific contributions from studies of energy policy programmes primarily cover energy audit programmes and show that the major energy efficiency measures from industrial SMEs are found in support processes. The review further reveals an imbalance in geographic scope of the papers within the field, where a vast majority of the papers emanate from Europe, calling for scientific publications from other parts of the world. The study synthesizes the findings into a general method on how to design efficiency programs for the sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 12, no 7, article id 1338
Keywords [en]
industrial SMEs, energy efficiency, energy policy, barriers, drivers
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30507DOI: 10.3390/en12071338ISI: 000465561400155Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065481846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30507DiVA, id: diva2:1343264
Projects
Enhanced energy efficiency for strengthened competitiveness and increased sustainability among Gavleborg's SMEs through implementation of service and product innovations in industrial energy systems (ENERGIG)
Funder
European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth
Note

Funding: The research project is financed by the European Commission within the European Regional Development Fund, the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth, Region Gavleborg and the University of Gavle. 

Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, IdaMardan, NawzadThollander, Patrik

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