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Global urbanization and food production in direct competition for land: Leverage places to mitigate impacts on SDG2 and on the Earth System
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science. Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2637-2024
Göteborgs Universitet.
University of Kent, UK.
University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Germany.
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2019 (English)In: The Anthropocene Review, ISSN 2053-0196, Vol. 6, no 1-2, p. 71-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Global urbanization and food production are in direct competition for land. This paper carries outa critical review of how displacing crop production from urban and peri-urban land to other areas– because of issues related to soil quality – will demand a substantially larger proportion of theEarth’s terrestrial land surface than the surface area lost to urban encroachment. Such relationshipsmay trigger further distancing effects and unfair social-ecological teleconnections. It risks also settingin motion amplifying effects within the Earth System. In combination, such multiple stressors set thescene for food riots in cities of the Global South. Our review identifies viable leverage points on whichto act in order to navigate urban expansion away from fertile croplands. We first elaborate on thepolitical complexities in declaring urban and peri-urban lands with fertile soils as one global commons.We find that the combination of an advisory global policy aligned with regional policies enablingrobust common properties rights for bottom-up actors and movements in urban and peri-urbanagriculture (UPA) as multi-level leverage places to intervene. To substantiate the ability of aligningglobal advisory policy with regional planning, we review both past and contemporary examples whereempowering local social-ecological UPA practices and circular economies have had a stimulatingeffect on urban resilience and helped preserve, restore, and maintain urban lands with healthy soils.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 6, no 1-2, p. 71-97
Keywords [en]
cropland, economic globalization, food security, Global South, global sustainability, human resilience, social-ecological teleconnection, soil health, urban and peri-urban agriculture, urbanization
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30789DOI: 10.1177/2053019619856672ISI: 000474897200005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068231977OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30789DiVA, id: diva2:1360547
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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