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The formation of policy on private supplementary tutoring in post-Soviet Russia
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies. (SEP)
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Private supplementary tutoring (PST) is a phenomenon that in various forms has existed since the establishment of the national education in nineteenth-century Russia (Mikhaylova, 2018). However, it was after the collapse of the Soviet Union when a whole industry of PST has emerged, providing tutoring at all levels of national educational system (Kozar, 2013). Moreover, today the majority of Russians perceive private tutoring as an essential part of education (Forsberg et al, 2019).

This paper explores the role and the legitimacy of PST in relation to public education in contemporary Russia. Drawing on curriculum theory (Forsberg, 2011; Lundgren, 1989) and Foucault’s (1984) concept of problematisation, I discuss the norms, assumptions and beliefs about education that lie behind national policy regarding PST. By examining what aspects of PST have been onto policy agenda, the study illuminates the impacts of particular problematisations on the relations between public education and PST.

References

Foucault, M. (1984). Polemics, politics and problematizations, based on an interview conducted by Paul  Rabinow.  In L. Davis. (Trans.), Essential works of Foucault (Vol. 1), Ethics, New York: New Press. 

Forsberg, E.  (2011). Curriculum theory revisited: curriculum as content, pedagogy and evaluation. Saarbrücken: LAP, Lambert Academic publ.

Forsberg, E., Mikhaylova, T., Hallsén, S., Melander, H.  (2019). Supplementary tutoring in Sweden and Russia: A safety net woven with numbers. Forthcoming.

Kozar, O. (2013). The face of private tutoring in Russia: Evidence from online marketing by private tutors. Research in Comparative and International Education , 8(1), 74–86.

Lundgren, U. P. (1989). Att organisera omvärlden: en introduktion till läroplansteori (2. uppl.). Stockholm: Utbildningsförl. på uppdrag av Gymnasieutredningen.

Mikhaylova, T. (2018). A Numbers Game: Insights from Shadow Education in Russia. Presentedat the ECER, Bolzano

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30945DiVA, id: diva2:1370068
Conference
WERA (World Education Research Association). Future of Democracy and Education: Realizing Equity and Social Justice Worldwide. Tokyo, August 5-8, 2019
Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2019-11-14Bibliographically approved

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Mikhaylova, Tatiana

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf