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Strategies used by people with Alzheimer´s disease for outdoor wayfinding: a repeated observational study
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6381-1922
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9912-5350
2019 (English)In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to describe the wayfinding strategies used during outdoor walks by people with Alzheimer’s disease. Inspired by an ethnographic approach, observations and conversations during repeated outdoor walks with five people with Alzheimer’s disease living in their own homes were conducted. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The wayfinding strategies the participants described were: (1) landmarks, (2) used their senses, (3) stopped, looked around, and thought, (4) walking the same way or loop and in familiar areas, and (5) only walked in places and on routes where they could see other people and houses. Using wayfinding strategies might help people with Alzheimer’s disease to be independent during outdoor walks, and discussing these strategies with relatives and nursing care staff may help finding people with Alzheimer’s disease if lost outdoors. Wayfinding during the winter might be facilitated if temporary and changeable objects are avoided in people with Alzheimer’s disease’s walking route.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Alzheimer’s disease, observation, outdoors, qualitative research, wayfinding
National Category
Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31065DOI: 10.1177/1471301219896453ISI: 000506777700001PubMedID: 31874572Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077193294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31065DiVA, id: diva2:1372901
Available from: 2019-11-25 Created: 2019-11-25 Last updated: 2020-03-02Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, AnnakarinEngström, Maria

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • sv-SE
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  • en-US
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  • de-DE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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