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Life cycle assessment of building materials for a single-family house in Sweden
Högskolan Dalarna.
Högskolan Dalarna.
Högskolan Dalarna.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
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2019 (English)In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 158, p. 3547-3552Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Nordic countries have shown great interest in using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in the building sector compared to the past years. Sweden has set up an objective to be carbon neutral (no greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere) by 2045. This paper presents a case study of a single-family house "Dalarnas Villa" in the region Dalarna, Sweden within a 100-year perspective. The assessment is implemented using a new software based on hard data agreed by Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs). It focuses on building materials, transport distances of the materials, and replacement of essential construction materials. The LCA in this study demonstrates the environmental impact related to building materials from production and construction phase including transport, replacement and deconstruction phase. The study does not cover energy use and water consumption. The results show that the building slab made by concrete is the part of the construction most contributing to CO2e, while the wood frame and cellulose insulation have low environmental impact. Replacement of materials takes nearly half of total environmental impact over 100 years. Having a large share of wood-based products, make greenhouse gas emissions remains low. © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of ICAE2018 - The 10th International Conference on Applied Energy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 158, p. 3547-3552
Keywords [en]
Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), Global warming potential (GWP), Life cycle assessment (LCA), One Click LCA, Building materials, Buildings, Carbon dioxide, Construction, Environmental impact, Gas emissions, Global warming, Greenhouse gases, Wood, Cellulose insulation, Environmental product declarations, Global warming potential, Single-family house, Transport distances, Wood-based products, Life cycle
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31102DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2019.01.913Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85063874633OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31102DiVA, id: diva2:1373381
Conference
10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 22-25 August 2018, Hong Kong
Note

Funding: The project “Dalarnas Villa” is funded by Dalarnas Försäkringsbolag Company from Sweden.

Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Wallhagen, MaritaEriksson, Ola

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