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Hur personer med hypotyreos upplever sin livskvalité
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hypotyreos är en av de vanligaste endokrina sjukdomarna. Varje år insjuknar människor i sjukdomen och vanligast är att kvinnor drabbas. Att drabbas av hypotyreos innebär att man har brist på tyreoideahormoner i sköldkörteln och att energiproduktionen går på sparläge. Kompetenskrav sätts på sjuksköterskan i vårdandeprocessen hos patienter med hypotyreos då konsekvenserna av sjukdomen kan förefalla diffusa och svåra att mäta. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur personer med hypotyreos upplever sin livskvalité.  Metod: Denna studie är en beskrivande litteraturstudie. Elva artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats har analyserats och delats upp i teman och subteman. Huvudresultat: Personer med hypotyreos upplevde varken en bättre livskvalitet eller förbättringar gällande sköldkörtelrelaterade symtom trots att de medicinerats. Känslan hos dessa personer var att de kände sig svaga, orkeslösa, dränerade på ork och att deras dagliga aktiviteter begränsades. En känsla av missförståelse upplevdes inom vården då läkarna fokuserade främst på personernas provresultat. Trots det att läkaren talade om att blodvärdena låg inom referens upplevde personerna med hypotyreos att flertalet symtom kvarstått.  Slutsats: Personer med hypotyreos uttryckte missnöje över sin upplevelse av livskvalitet, sin medicinering och även vårdrelationen. Att leva med hypotyreos innebar att man kunde ha kvarvarande symtom trots medicinering och livskvalitén för dessa personer påverkades negativt. Genom en ökad förståelse för denna komplexa sjukdom skulle sjuksköterskan kunna bidra med en större trygghet och hjälpa dessa personer genom att skapa en bättre vårdrelation.

Abstract [en]

Background: Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases. Every year, people get sick with the disease and most commonly, women are affected. Being affected by hypothyroidism means that there is a lack of thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland and makes the energy production goes to a low saver. Competence requirements are imposed on the nurse in the caring process of patients with hypothyroidism as the consequences of the disease may appear diffuse and difficult to measure. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe how people with hypothyroidism experience their quality of life. Method: This study is a descriptive literature study. Eleven articles with both qualitative and quantitative design have been analyzed and divided into themes and sub-themes. Main Results: People with hypothyroidism experienced neither a better quality of life nor improvements in thyroidrelated symptoms despite being medicated. The feeling of these people was that they felt weak, powerless, drained of energy and that their daily activities were limited. A feeling of misunderstanding was experienced in health care when the doctors focused mainly on the person's test results. Although the doctor mentioned that the blood values were within reference, people with hypothyroidism felt that a number of symptoms remained. Conclusion: People with hypothyroidism expressed dissatisfaction with their experience of quality of life, their medication and even the care relationship. Living with hypothyroidism meant that you could have remaining symptoms despite medication and the quality of life for these people was adversely affected. Through an increased understanding of this complex illness, the nurse could contribute with greater security and help these people by creating a better care relationship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Experience, Hypothyroidism, Nurse, Nursing, Quality of life
Keywords [sv]
Hypotyreos, Livskvalité, Omvårdnad, Sjuksköterska, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31260OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31260DiVA, id: diva2:1377058
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved

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