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Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress i slutenvården
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning tyder på att stress är ett vanligt förekommande problem inom sjuksköterskeyrket idag. Det finns positiv och negativ stress där den negativa och framförallt den långvariga stressen kan leda till negativa konsekvenser både fysiskt och psykiskt.  

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av arbetsrelaterad stress i slutenvården. 

Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie baserat på elva vetenskapliga artiklar som har granskats och inkluderats i resultatet.  

Huvudresultat: Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress i grundades i två huvudrubriker; Upplevda orsaker till arbetsrelaterad stress samt upplevda faktorer som kan reducera stress på arbetet samt tio underrubriker. Resultatet identifierade upplevda orsaker till arbetsrelaterad stress i form av; hög arbetsbelastning, osäkerhet i arbetsrollen, bristande stöd från chefer, kontakt med anhöriga, bristande kommunikation och samarbete samt våld och hot. Resultatet identifierade upplevda faktorer som kan reducera stress i form av; anpassning av arbetsbelastning, individuella strategier för stresshantering, återhämtning samt utbildning och digitala verktyg. 

Slutsats: Stress på arbetet verkar vara ett problem som förekommer i hela världen då resultatet påvisar samma problematik i olika länder. Sjuksköterskor upplever arbetsrelaterad stress baserad på en mängd olika faktorer såsom hög arbetsbelastning som överensstämmer med varandra inom forskningen. Även upplevda faktorer för stressreducering överensstämmer med varandra vid jämförelse mellan olika länder.

Abstract [en]

Background: Research indicates that stress is a common problem within the nursing profession today. There are positive and negative stress where the negative and above all the long-term stress can lead to negative consequences both physically and mentally.

Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe nurses experiences of work related stress in hospitals. 

Method: A descriptive literature study where eleven scientific articles were analyzed and included in the result.  

Main result: The nurse's experience of work-related stress was founded in two main headings; Experienced causes of work-related stress and Experienced factors that can reduce stress at work and ten sub-headings. The result identified perceived causes of work-related stress in the form of; high workload, insecurity in the work role, lack of support from managers, contact with the relatives, lack of communication and cooperation, and violence and threats. The result identified perceived factors that can reduce stress in the form of; adaptation of workload, individual strategies for stress management, recovery and training and digital tools.

Conclusion: Stress at work seems to be a problem that occurs throughout the world as the result shows the same problem in different countries. Nurses experience work-related stress based on a variety of factors like heavy workload that are consistent with each other in research. Experienced stress reduction factors are also consistent in comparison between countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
Hospital care, nurses, occupational stress, stressors, work
Keywords [sv]
Arbete, arbetsrelaterad stress, sjuksköterskor, slutenvård, stressorer.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31306OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31306DiVA, id: diva2:1379137
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-17 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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