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Situationen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, diskriminering, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
2019 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how the labour market situation appears to persons with different types of disabilities in Sweden. Study I (n=4 359) examined the importance of the person’s type of disability for the possibility of having a job. Study II (n=3 396) examined whether there were differences in occupational attainment between persons with different types of disabilities and between persons with and without a disability (n=19 004). Study III (n=4 359) examined perceived discrimination in the workplace among persons with different types of disabilities. Study IV (n=2 268) examined whatsupport and adaptation persons with different types of disabilities need in their actual workplace or to enter the labour market. In studies I–III the respondents were divided into six disability types, and in study IV the respondents were divided into four disability types.

Overall, it can be concluded that a person’s type of disability is of importance for the situation in the labour market, where persons with psychological disabilities encounter barriers to a greater extent than other groups, both difficulties at the present workplace and difficulties entering the labour market. Further, they were subjected to discrimination and they expressed a great need for adaptations to acquire employment and at their actual workplace. It can also be concluded that there are discriminatory mechanisms against women, who have more difficulties than men in acquiring employment, and that men, despite lower education, can more easily progress in the labour market. It is suggested that, in order to achieve inclusion and recognition, factors in the environment, such as existing support systems, need to be changed and developed, and social prejudices vis-à-vis people with disabilities must also be addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2019. , p. 94
Keywords [en]
Type of disability, disabilities, employment, occupational attainment, discrimination, support and adaptation, excluding processes, inclusion
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32260ISBN: 978-91-7529-302-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-32260DiVA, id: diva2:1428031
Public defence
2019-11-15, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal P1, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-05-04 Created: 2020-05-04 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability
2015 (English)In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The employment status of groups with different disabilities wasanalysed as were potentially important moderating factors (workability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analy-sis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities fromStatistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondentswere divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing,communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psycho-logical disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logisticregression analyses showed that the probability of being employedwas highest among respondents with hearing disabilities andrespondents with psychological disabilities were least likely tobe employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with onlyprimary education and with partially or very impaired workability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education didnot increase employment opportunities for respondents withimpaired work ability. In summary, the type of disability is essentialfor employment opportunities, and differences between disabil-ity groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. 

Keywords
Education level, Employment, Self-estimated work ability, Type of disability, adult, Article, disability, disabled person, dyslexia, educational status, employability, employment status, female, functional disease, hearing impairment, high school, human, major clinical study, male, mental deficiency, middle aged, physical disability, primary school, priority journal, speech disorder, unemployment, visual impairment, work capacity, work disability
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19405 (URN)10.1016/j.alter.2014.11.003 (DOI)000365124200003 ()2-s2.0-84928769973 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved
2. Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: More knowledge is needed ofoccupational attainment of persons with disabilities, i.e. the relationship between their educational level and their profession, and factors of importance for this relationship.

Objective: To compare occupational attainment among persons with and without a disability.

Method: 3 396 informants with disabilities and 19 004 non-disabled informants participated (control group) in a survey study by Statistics Sweden.The informants with disabilities were divided into six groups.

Results: Occupational attainment did not differ between the disability groups, neither between persons with and without a disability. Follow-up analysis showed that men with disabilities with primary or secondary school had an occupation above their educational level to a significantlylarger extent than women with disabilities. This pattern was even clearer in comparison with the control group. Persons without disabilities, with secondary or higher education, were more successful in the labor market than persons with disabilities. Occupational attainment increased with age in both groups.

Conclusions: Young women with disabilities who only have primary or secondary education run a higher risk of having a job that is below their educational level than men at the same educational level. This indicates discriminating mechanisms in the society related to gender and ability.

Keywords
Discrimination, occupational attainment, education level, self-estimated work ability
National Category
Educational Sciences Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15971 (URN)10.3233/WOR-131718 (DOI)000344347900004 ()24004782 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84907560525 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved
3. Disability and discrimination in the workplace context: A comparative study between persons with different types of disabilities [Invalidité et discrimination sur le lieu de travail: Une étude comparative entre les personnes ayant diverses formes de handicap]
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disability and discrimination in the workplace context: A comparative study between persons with different types of disabilities [Invalidité et discrimination sur le lieu de travail: Une étude comparative entre les personnes ayant diverses formes de handicap]
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32261 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2020-05-04 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved
4. The Need of Support and Adaptation in the Workplace for Persons with Different Types of Disabilities and Reduced Work Ability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Need of Support and Adaptation in the Workplace for Persons with Different Types of Disabilities and Reduced Work Ability
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32262 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2020-05-04 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved

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