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Vad utgör och uppfattas som en välutformad gång- och cykelväg?
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What constitutes and is perceived as a well-designed walking and cycling path? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Välplanerade, tydliga och säkra gång- och cykelvägar, hädanefter kallat GC-väg, minskar skaderisken samtidigt som det uppmuntrar användandet av gång eller cykel som färdsätt. Utformningen påverkar dock hur olika människor uppfattar och använder GC-vägarna, samt även passager och korsningar. När utformningen är välgjord och lätt att förstå minskar skaderisken för fotgängare och cyklister. Men vad anser människor är en bra utformning? Litteratur granskades för att få en uppfattning om vilka faktorer som påverkar upplevelsen. Tre generella teman, eller kategorier, kunde identifieras: tydlighet, trygghet och trivsel. Under de tre kategorierna kunde sedan 13 påverkande faktorer räknas: skyltning, markeringar, vägtyp, navigation, sikt, hinder, vägbredd, separering för fotgängare, separering för cyklister, trafikljus, allmän utformning, material och färg. En enkätundersökning, som distribuerades online, genomfördes sedan i vilket respondenter presenterades fem bilder på gång- och cykelvägar fotograferade i Gävle centrum. De ombads värdera de 13 faktorerna i bilderna baserat på hur positivt eller negativt de tyckte faktorn var. Resultaten från enkäten sammanställdes både i helhet och separerat efter de två demografiska grupperna Allmänhet och Yrkeskunniga, varav yrkeskunniga ersattes av studenter från Samhällsplanerarprogrammet på Högskolan i Gävle. För att undersöka skillnaden mellan grupperna prövades hypotesen om studenterna uppfattar och värderar utformningarna annorlunda än allmänheten. Resultatet visade att det inte fanns någon signifikant skillnad mellan grupperna även om studenterna var mer positivt inställda till de flesta faktorerna. Beräkningarna som genomfördes visade även på att respondenterna var neutralt inställda till platserna i bilderna där faktorer kopplade till trivsel ofta upplevdes sämst.

Abstract [en]

Well-planned, legible, and safe walking and cycling paths help in reducing the risk of injury while encouraging the use of walking or cycling as a means of transport. However, design influence how different people perceive and use the paths, passages, and intersections. When the design is well made and easy to understand the risk of injury to pedestrians and cyclists is reduced. But what do people perceive as good design? Literature was examined to get a comprehensive idea of which factors influence the perception. Three general themes, or categories, were identified: clarity, security, and pleasantness. As part of the three categories 13 influencing factors could then be found: signage, markings, road type, navigation, visibility, obstacles, road width, separation of path for walking, separation of path for cycling, traffic lights, general design, material, and colour. An online survey was then conducted in which respondents were presented with five photos of pedestrian and bicycle paths photographed in the city centre of Gävle. The respondents were asked to evaluate the 13 factors in the pictures on whether they found the factor as a positive or a negative influence. The results from the survey were compiled both as a whole and separately according to the two demographic groups General public and Professionals, in which spatial planning students from Högskolan i Gävle functioned as stand-ins for professionals. To investigate the difference between the groups a hypothesis was tested: if the students perceive and value the designs differently. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the groups, even though the students were somewhat more positive towards most of the factors. The calculations that were carried out also showed that the respondents were neutral to the places in the pictures, except for factors linked to pleasantness that were often perceived more negative than the rest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. viii+47+bilagor
Keywords [en]
Pedestrian, cycle, bicycle, paths, perception, design, clarity, security, pleasantness
Keywords [sv]
GC-väg, gång- och cykelväg, upplevelse, uppfattning, utformning, fotgängare, cyklist, tydlighet, trygghet, trivsel
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-36890OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-36890DiVA, id: diva2:1585083
Subject / course
Spatial planning
Educational program
Study Programme in Spatial Planning
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-08-16 Created: 2021-08-16 Last updated: 2023-01-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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  • sv-SE
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  • nn-NO
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  • de-DE
  • Other locale
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