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Geodetic SAR for Baltic Height System Unification and Baltic Sea Level Research
Technical University of Munich, Germany.
Technical University of Munich, Germany.
Technical University of Munich, Germany.
Technical University of Munich, Germany.
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2021 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Traditionally, sea level is observed at tide gauge stations, which usually also serve as height reference stations for national levelling networks and therefore define a height system of a country. Thus, sea level research across countries is closely linked to height system unification and needs to be regarded jointly. The project aims to make use of a new observation technique, namely SAR positioning, which can help to connect the GNSS basic network of a country to tide gauge stations and as such to link the sea level records of tide gauge stations to the geometric network. By knowing the geoid heights at the tide gauge stations in a global height reference frame with high precision, one can finally obtain absolute sea level heights of the tide gauge stations in a common reference system and can link them together. By this method, on the one hand national height systems can be connected and on the other hand the absolute sea level at the tide gauge stations can be determined. By analysing time series of absolute sea level heights their changes can be determined in an absolute sense in a global reference frame and the impact of climate change on sea level can be quantified (e.g. by ice sheet and glacier melting, water inflow, global warming). The major scientific challenges to be addressed by this project then can be summarized as follows: (1) Connection of the tide gauge markers with the GNSS network geometrically in order to determine the relative vertical motion and to correct the tide gauge readings. For this the new technique of SAR positioning is applied. (2) Determination of a GOCE based high resolution geoid at tide gauge stations in order to deliver absolute heights of tide gauges with respect to a global equipotential surface as reference. (3) Joint analysis of geometrical and physical reference frames to make them compatible, and to determine corrections to be applied for combined analysis of geometric and physical heights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021.
Keywords [en]
Sea level, SAR, Baltic Sea, Radar, Sentinel1, Geoid, Geodesy, Remote sensing
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-37010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-37010DiVA, id: diva2:1592172
Available from: 2021-09-08 Created: 2021-09-08 Last updated: 2022-09-20Bibliographically approved

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https://www.asg.ed.tum.de/fileadmin/w00cip/iapg/Baltic/SAR-HSU-FR-0022_Final_Report.pdf

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Ågren, JonasNilfouroushan, Faramarz

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf