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Demographic and clinical factors associated with psychological wellbeing in people with chronic, non-specific musculoskeletal pain engaged in multimodal rehabilitation:– A cross-sectional study with a correlational design
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4364-467x
Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden..
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science, Caring Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1969-0163
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, ISSN 1877-8860, E-ISSN 1877-8879, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 705-711Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

To investigate which demographic and clinical factors were associated with psychological wellbeing in working-aged people in multimodal rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders.

Methods

116 participants met the criteria for inclusion: persistent or intermittent pain for at least three months; pain that adversely impacts daily life; potential for active change despite pain; no co-morbidity or condition that will hinder participation in the rehabilitation program. Primary outcome was psychological wellbeing and independent measures were general, physical and mental health, pain intensity, limitations in daily life, depression and sleep.

Results

The results show decreased odds of psychological wellbeing for persons rating high on depression. The results remained significant after adjusting for sex and age. Being a woman increased the odds of high psychological wellbeing. Logistic regression showed that psychological wellbeing was not significantly associated with pain intensity; sleep; functional limitations; general, physical, or mental health. None of the other independent variables was significantly associated with high vs. low psychological wellbeing.

Conclusions

Depression turned out to be significantly related to psychological wellbeing, contrary to pain and limitations in daily life. If further studies with larger, random samples can confirm these results, this knowledge may be important both in clinical settings and in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
De Gruyter , 2023. Vol. 23, no 4, p. 705-711
Keywords [en]
depression; health; limitations in daily life; musculoskeletal disorders; pain; wellbeing
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38425DOI: 10.1515/sjpain-2023-0028ISI: 001029341000001PubMedID: 37440704Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85165399431OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-38425DiVA, id: diva2:1652492
Available from: 2022-04-19 Created: 2022-04-19 Last updated: 2023-10-26Bibliographically approved

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Wiitavaara, BirgittaNilsson, Annika

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