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Den senaste omvårdnadsforskningen om hjärtsvikt: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att enligt vetenskapliga studier, publicerade mellan år 2002 och 2007, beskriva omvårdnad av patienter med kronisk hjärtsvikt. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie med beskrivande design. Information hämtades från databaserna Medline, Academic Search Elite och Cochrane Library, samt ur Vård i Nordens webbarkiv. Sökorden som användes var ”chronic heart failure” och ”nursing”. Totalt inkluderades 22 studier i denna litteraturstudie. Ur studierna kunde fem inriktningar inom omvårdnaden av patienter med hjärtsvikt identifieras. Dessa var omvårdnad genom patientutbildning, telefonrådgivning, fysisk träning, hemsjukvård och hjärtsviktsmottagning. Resultatet visade på ett positivt samband mellan fysisk träning och ökad livskvalitet hos patienter med hjärtsvikt i samtliga studier som undersökte dessa två variabler. Majoriteten av studierna som undersökte effekten av telefonrådgivning till patienter med hjärtsvikt fann att antalet inläggningar på sjukhus hade minskat efter att patienterna under en period fått telefonrådgivning. I de studier som granskats låg fokus till stor del på att stärka patienternas egenvård. Två inriktningar inom omvårdnaden av patienter med hjärtsvikt utmärkte sig som de mest effektiva metoderna. Dessa var fysisk träning och telefonrådgivning.

Abstract [en]

 

The aim of this literature study was to describe the care of patients with chronic heart failure according to scientific studies published between the years 2002 and 2007. A descriptive design was used. Information was gathered from the following databases: Medline, Academic Search Elite and Cochrane Library. Vård i Norden webb archive was also used for collecting articles. Keywords used in the search were "chronic heart failure" and "nursing". A total of 22 articles were included in this study. The articles in this study showed five different themes in the care of patients with heart failure, these were: patient education, telephone care, physical exercise, home-based care and heart failure clinics. The result showed a positive correlation between physical exercise and quality of life, this was found in every article covering these two variables. Most studies concerning telephone care found that the number of hospital readmissions decreased after an intervention based on telephone care. In the included studies a lot of focus was on strengthening patient's ability to self care. In this study physical exercise and telephone care were the most effective methods of care for patients with heart failure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Chronic heart failure, care, nursing, nursing research
Keywords [sv]
kronisk hjärtsvikt, omvårdnad, omvårdnadsforskning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-3846Archive number: SSKHk06/vt09nr11OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-3846DiVA, id: diva2:201263
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-03-19 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2009-03-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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