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Att arbeta som sjuksköterska med patienter med TBC: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskans arbete med patienter med TBC (tuberkulos) och sjuksköterskors uppfattningar av risker som de utsätts för i vårdarbetet i kontakten med patienter med TBC. Sökning av vetenskapliga artiklar gjordes i databaserna Medline via Pubmed, Science Direct, Swedmed + samt Cinahl. Studiens huvudresultat utgjordes av tre huvudkategorier; Ssk bidrag till minskad smittspridning, omvårdnad vid TBC och Sjuksköterskans risker i arbetet. Ekonomisk levnadsstandard samt utbildningsnivå visade sig ha stor betydelse för utbredningen av TBC. Det sociala umgänget är en viktig del i sjukdomsförloppet eftersom patienterna känner att nära och kära undviker dem. Detta tas väldigt hårt och framkallar skuldkänslor gentemot familjen. Informationen från sjuksköterskan om den aktuella sjukdomsbilden och smittospridningen visade sig vara en mycket viktig del att prata om med patienten och dess anhöriga. Utbildning bland vårdpersonalen samt ett samarbete mellan de olika vårdavdelningarna är av hög prioritet för att begränsa smittspridning på arbetsplatsen. Vaccination, PPD test (Purified Protein derivate test) samt kunskaper om medicinering och dess uppföljning har även visat sig ha stora betydande framgångar.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this descriptive literature review was to describe the nurses' work with patients with TBC and nurse's perceptions of risks they face while taking care of patients with TBC. The research is based on the scientific articles available in the following 3 databases: Medline via Pubmed, Science Direct, Swedmed + and Cinahl. Study's main finding consisted of three main categories; the nurse's contribution to reducing the spread of infection, care at the TBC and the nurse's occupational risks. Economic standard of living and level of education proved to be of great importance for the spread of TBC. The social relationship is an important part of the disease since the patient feels that family and friends avoid them. This is hard for the patient to deal with and result in feelings of guilt against family. The information provided by the nurses' about the current disease and the spread of it showed to bee a very important part to talk about with the patient and the relatives.  Education among health professionals and cooperation between the different care units are of high priority to limiting the spread of infection in the workplace. Vaccination, PPD test and the knowledge of medication and its follow-up has also been shown to have large significant success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 21
Keyword [sv]
Tuberkulos, Sjuksköterska, Risker
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-3909Archive number: SSKHK06/vt09nr12OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-3909DiVA, id: diva2:207501
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-03-19 Created: 2009-03-11 Last updated: 2009-03-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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