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Patienters psykiska hälsa efter en hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva patienters psykiska hälsa efter en hjärtinfarkt.

Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie. Sökorden myocardial infarction, mental health, experience, psychological health och quality of life kombinerades för att hitta artiklar. Arton artiklar inkluderades i studien och hittades i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl och genom andra artiklars referenslista. Undersökningarna i artiklarna var genomförda med intervjuer, enkäter och observationer. Resultatet visade att män upplevde en bättre hälsorelaterad livskvalitet än kvinnor samt att kvinnors psykiska hälsa påverkades mer efter en hjärtinfarkt. Kvinnorna ansåg det var svårare att göra livsstilsförändringar än männen, de förmodade att deras förändringar kunde ha negativ inverkan på familjen. Undersökningarna i artiklarna visade att det är vanligt med depressioner efter hjärtinfarkt och att många upplever det som arbetsamt att göra livsstilsförändringar. Patienterna ansåg att det är viktigt att ha nära relationer med deras anhöriga för att få det stöd de behöver under tillfrisknandet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe patient's mental health status after a myocardial infarction. The study was preformed as a literature study. The words myocardial infarction, mental health, experience, psychological health and quality of life were used in combinations to find the articles. Eighteen articles included in the study which were found in the databases Cinahl and PubMed and from other article references. The interventions in the articles were made by interviews, questionnaires and observations. The results showed that men experience better health related quality of life than women and that women's mental health was more affected after a myocardial infarction. The women thought it was harder to change their life style than men, because the women believed that it would have a bad influence on the family. The interventions in the articles showed that it is usual with depressions after a myocardial infarction and that many experience it hard perform life style changes. The patients think it is important with close relations to their relatives to get the support they need under the recovery period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
myocardial infarction, mental health, depression, coping, relations and quality of life.
Keywords [sv]
hjärtinfarkt, psykisk hälsa, depression, coping, relationer och livskvalitet.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-4489Archive number: SSKHk06/vt09nr29OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-4489DiVA, id: diva2:219215
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-05-27 Created: 2009-05-26 Last updated: 2009-05-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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