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The relationship between low vision and musculoskeletal complaints: A case control study between age-related macular degeneration patients and age-matched controls with normal vision
Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro University Hospital.
Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro University Hospital.
University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
2009 (English)In: Journal of Optometry, ISSN 1888-4296, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 127-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) patients often describe complaints from neck and scapula area muscles and a decreased postural control. In clinical assessment, these complaints are considered to be due to old age. Purpose: This study focuses on low vision patients with AMD, compared to age matched controls, without eye disease, in order to evaluate if a linkage between self-rated visual and muskuloskeletal complaints are more prominent when low vision is present. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 24 AMD patients, aged 65-85 years, were compared to 24 controls of similar ages without visual problems. Visual acuity, the need for magnification plus other optical and visual data, were obtained. Visual, muskuloskeletal and balance/propriopceptive complaints were collected with a self-rating questionnaire. The Visual Functioning Questionnaire -Near Activities Subscale (VFQ-NAS) was used to evaluate visual function and related complaints. Results: The correlation coefficient between visual and musculoskeletal complaints yielded significant values when computed separately within each group as well as when calculated on the entire material (AMD ρ = 0.60, P = 0.002; control group ρ = 0.59, P = 0.004; both groups together ρ = 0.50 P < 0.001). Stepwise multiple regression analysis supported the hypothesized effect of vision (Visual complaints + Minimal readable typefaces) on musculoskeletal complaints, (R2 = 0.42, P < 0.05). Conclusions: The results in this study support the hypothesis of a relationship between visual and muskuloskeletal problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 2, no 3, p. 127-133
Keywords [en]
Age, AMD, low vision, balance/proprioception, muskuloskeletal complaints, age-related maculopathy, perception
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5726DOI: 10.3921/joptom.2009.127Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70350000469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-5726DiVA, id: diva2:273363
Available from: 2009-10-21 Created: 2009-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Richter, Hans

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